[Effect of different fluid resuscitation strategies on renal function in patients with septic shock induced acute kidney injury].Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2020 Sep; 32(9):1080-1084.ZW
To compare the therapeutic effect of fluid resuscitation strategy guided by pulse-indicated continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring and early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) on renal function of acute kidney injury (AKI) patients caused by septic shock.
Septic shock patients with AKI admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Tianjin Fifth Central Hospital and Teda International Cardiovascular Hospital from March 2017 to February 2020 were enrolled. All patients were given fluid resuscitation. Patients were divided into PiCCO-guided fluid resuscitation group [PiCCO group, intrathoracic blood volume index (ITBVI) was maintained between 850-1 000 mL/m2] and EGDT-guided fluid resuscitation group [EGDT group, central venous pressure (CVP) was maintained between 8-12 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) or CVP ≤ 15 mmHg when patients received mechanical ventilation (MV)] according to both the patient's condition and the informed consent of the patient's family. The changes of heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), CVP, blood lactic acid (Lac), fluid balance, urine volume and serum creatinine (SCr) at 6, 24, and 48 hours after fluid resuscitation in the two groups were observed, and the renal replacement therapy (RRT), duration of MV, length of ICU stay and 28-day mortality between the two group were compared.
(1) A total of 94 patients were enrolled, including 51 in the EGDT group and 43 in the PiCCO group. There was no significant difference in gender, age, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, procalcitonin (PCT), HR, MAP, CVP, Lac or SCr at ICU admission between the two groups. (2) The parameters of hemodynamics, fluid balance, urine volume and SCr were improved with the time of resuscitation in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in HR, MAP or Lac between the two groups. Compared with the EGDT group, the CVP decreased significantly at 24 hours and 48 hours after fluid resuscitation in the PiCCO group (mmHg: 9.1±0.9 vs. 12.0±1.3 at 24 hours, 8.0±1.0 vs. 10.2±1.3 at 48 hours), the fluid balance significantly decreased (mL: 2 929.8±936.3 vs. 3 898.4±923.5 at 24 hours, 3 143.5±1 325.4 vs. 4 843.8±1 326.7 at 48 hours), and the condition of urine volume and SCr were better in the PiCCO group [urine volume (mL×kg-1×h-1): 1.02±0.21 vs. 0.79±0.14 at 24 hours, 1.28±0.18 vs. 0.94±0.22 at 48 hours; SCr (μmol/L): 145.7±37.6 vs. 164.3±46.4 at 24 hours, 128.4±33.6 vs. 143.5±37.7 at 48 hours), with significant differences (all P < 0.05). (3) Compared with the EGDT group, the rate of RRT in the PiCCO group was lower [11.6% (5/43) vs. 17.6% (9/51)], the duration of MV and the length of ICU stay were shorter [duration of MV (days): 4.64±1.31 vs. 6.50±2.19, length of ICU stay (days): 10.35±3.50 vs. 14.50±5.78), with significant differences (all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the 28-day mortality between the PiCCO group and EGDT group [14.0% (6/43) vs. 15.7% (8/51), P > 0.05].
Fluid resuscitation strategy guided by PiCCO in septic shock patients with AKI can reduce the amount of fluid load, improve renal function, shorten the MV duration and length of ICU stay, and shows clinical significance.