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Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Patients Hospitalized with Covid-19.
N Engl J Med. 2020 12 10; 383(24):2333-2344.NEJM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The efficacy of interleukin-6 receptor blockade in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) who are not receiving mechanical ventilation is unclear.

METHODS

We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving patients with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, hyperinflammatory states, and at least two of the following signs: fever (body temperature >38°C), pulmonary infiltrates, or the need for supplemental oxygen in order to maintain an oxygen saturation greater than 92%. Patients were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive standard care plus a single dose of either tocilizumab (8 mg per kilogram of body weight) or placebo. The primary outcome was intubation or death, assessed in a time-to-event analysis. The secondary efficacy outcomes were clinical worsening and discontinuation of supplemental oxygen among patients who had been receiving it at baseline, both assessed in time-to-event analyses.

RESULTS

We enrolled 243 patients; 141 (58%) were men, and 102 (42%) were women. The median age was 59.8 years (range, 21.7 to 85.4), and 45% of the patients were Hispanic or Latino. The hazard ratio for intubation or death in the tocilizumab group as compared with the placebo group was 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.38 to 1.81; P = 0.64), and the hazard ratio for disease worsening was 1.11 (95% CI, 0.59 to 2.10; P = 0.73). At 14 days, 18.0% of the patients in the tocilizumab group and 14.9% of the patients in the placebo group had had worsening of disease. The median time to discontinuation of supplemental oxygen was 5.0 days (95% CI, 3.8 to 7.6) in the tocilizumab group and 4.9 days (95% CI, 3.8 to 7.8) in the placebo group (P = 0.69). At 14 days, 24.6% of the patients in the tocilizumab group and 21.2% of the patients in the placebo group were still receiving supplemental oxygen. Patients who received tocilizumab had fewer serious infections than patients who received placebo.

CONCLUSIONS

Tocilizumab was not effective for preventing intubation or death in moderately ill hospitalized patients with Covid-19. Some benefit or harm cannot be ruled out, however, because the confidence intervals for efficacy comparisons were wide. (Funded by Genentech; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04356937.).

Authors+Show Affiliations

From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.From Massachusetts General Hospital (J.H.S., M.J.F., N.J.S.-B., A.D.F., L.H., A.S.F., N.K.H., B.C.H., C.A.S., M.D., C.M.N., Y.-D.H., T.K.T., Z.D., A.S., R.S.W., A.Y.K., S.S., P.S., T.G.N., C.A.P., S.H.U., D.S.C., M.A.M., J.M.Y., K.A.B., E.M., A.Z., Z.D.D., M.B.B., M.K., K.M.D., J.D., M.M.L., M.K.M.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (A.E.W., S.N., B.N.W.), and Boston Medical Center (N.L., M.S.), Boston, North Shore Medical Center, Salem (R.S., A.M.B., C.C.), Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton (H.S., D.S.H.), Beth Israel Lahey Health, Burlington (M.A., M.D.P.), and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton (J.F.) - all in Massachusetts.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33085857

Citation

Stone, John H., et al. "Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19." The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 383, no. 24, 2020, pp. 2333-2344.
Stone JH, Frigault MJ, Serling-Boyd NJ, et al. Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Patients Hospitalized with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020;383(24):2333-2344.
Stone, J. H., Frigault, M. J., Serling-Boyd, N. J., Fernandes, A. D., Harvey, L., Foulkes, A. S., Horick, N. K., Healy, B. C., Shah, R., Bensaci, A. M., Woolley, A. E., Nikiforow, S., Lin, N., Sagar, M., Schrager, H., Huckins, D. S., Axelrod, M., Pincus, M. D., Fleisher, J., ... Mansour, M. K. (2020). Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Patients Hospitalized with Covid-19. The New England Journal of Medicine, 383(24), 2333-2344. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2028836
Stone JH, et al. Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020 12 10;383(24):2333-2344. PubMed PMID: 33085857.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Patients Hospitalized with Covid-19. AU - Stone,John H, AU - Frigault,Matthew J, AU - Serling-Boyd,Naomi J, AU - Fernandes,Ana D, AU - Harvey,Liam, AU - Foulkes,Andrea S, AU - Horick,Nora K, AU - Healy,Brian C, AU - Shah,Ruta, AU - Bensaci,Ana Maria, AU - Woolley,Ann E, AU - Nikiforow,Sarah, AU - Lin,Nina, AU - Sagar,Manish, AU - Schrager,Harry, AU - Huckins,David S, AU - Axelrod,Matthew, AU - Pincus,Michael D, AU - Fleisher,Jorge, AU - Sacks,Chana A, AU - Dougan,Michael, AU - North,Crystal M, AU - Halvorsen,Yuan-Di, AU - Thurber,Tara K, AU - Dagher,Zeina, AU - Scherer,Allison, AU - Wallwork,Rachel S, AU - Kim,Arthur Y, AU - Schoenfeld,Sara, AU - Sen,Pritha, AU - Neilan,Tomas G, AU - Perugino,Cory A, AU - Unizony,Sebastian H, AU - Collier,Deborah S, AU - Matza,Mark A, AU - Yinh,Janeth M, AU - Bowman,Kathryn A, AU - Meyerowitz,Eric, AU - Zafar,Amna, AU - Drobni,Zsofia D, AU - Bolster,Marcy B, AU - Kohler,Minna, AU - D'Silva,Kristin M, AU - Dau,Jonathan, AU - Lockwood,Megan M, AU - Cubbison,Caroline, AU - Weber,Brittany N, AU - Mansour,Michael K, AU - ,, Y1 - 2020/10/21/ PY - 2020/10/22/pubmed PY - 2020/12/18/medline PY - 2020/10/21/entrez SP - 2333 EP - 2344 JF - The New England journal of medicine JO - N Engl J Med VL - 383 IS - 24 N2 - BACKGROUND: The efficacy of interleukin-6 receptor blockade in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) who are not receiving mechanical ventilation is unclear. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving patients with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, hyperinflammatory states, and at least two of the following signs: fever (body temperature >38°C), pulmonary infiltrates, or the need for supplemental oxygen in order to maintain an oxygen saturation greater than 92%. Patients were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive standard care plus a single dose of either tocilizumab (8 mg per kilogram of body weight) or placebo. The primary outcome was intubation or death, assessed in a time-to-event analysis. The secondary efficacy outcomes were clinical worsening and discontinuation of supplemental oxygen among patients who had been receiving it at baseline, both assessed in time-to-event analyses. RESULTS: We enrolled 243 patients; 141 (58%) were men, and 102 (42%) were women. The median age was 59.8 years (range, 21.7 to 85.4), and 45% of the patients were Hispanic or Latino. The hazard ratio for intubation or death in the tocilizumab group as compared with the placebo group was 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.38 to 1.81; P = 0.64), and the hazard ratio for disease worsening was 1.11 (95% CI, 0.59 to 2.10; P = 0.73). At 14 days, 18.0% of the patients in the tocilizumab group and 14.9% of the patients in the placebo group had had worsening of disease. The median time to discontinuation of supplemental oxygen was 5.0 days (95% CI, 3.8 to 7.6) in the tocilizumab group and 4.9 days (95% CI, 3.8 to 7.8) in the placebo group (P = 0.69). At 14 days, 24.6% of the patients in the tocilizumab group and 21.2% of the patients in the placebo group were still receiving supplemental oxygen. Patients who received tocilizumab had fewer serious infections than patients who received placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Tocilizumab was not effective for preventing intubation or death in moderately ill hospitalized patients with Covid-19. Some benefit or harm cannot be ruled out, however, because the confidence intervals for efficacy comparisons were wide. (Funded by Genentech; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04356937.). SN - 1533-4406 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33085857/Efficacy_of_Tocilizumab_in_Patients_Hospitalized_with_Covid_19_ L2 - https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa2028836?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -