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Mental health status of health-care professionals working in quarantine and non-quarantine Egyptian hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic.
East Mediterr Health J. 2020 Oct 13; 26(10):1155-1164.EM

Abstract

Background

Variable models of care have been adopted in different countries in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Egypt has assigned certain hospitals specifically for the quarantine of COVID-19 patients, where operational medical teams work continuously for 14 days, after which they are released for self-isolation at home for a similar period.

Aims

The study aimed to evaluate and compare perceived adverse psychological symptoms (stress, anxiety, depression), and insomnia by health-care professionals working in quarantine and non-quarantine hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Egypt, and to explore associated factors with adverse psychological symptoms and insomnia.

Methods

An online cross-sectional survey was performed in April 2020, using a snowball sampling method. Sociodemographic information perceived general health, healthy lifestyle, insomnia (using Insomnia Severity Index), adverse psychological symptoms (using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21), worries and concerns about COVID-19, future perspective about COVID-19, and coping strategies were collected.

Results

Five hundred and forty health-care professionals participated; 10.2% (n=55) worked in quarantine hospitals. Younger age (ORa=0.96, 95% CI:0.93-0.99, ORa=0.95; 95% CI:0.92-0.97; ORa=0.96 CI:0.93-0.99), being not ready/sure of readiness to work in quarantine hospital (ORa=1.91, 95% CI:1.22-3.00; ORa=2.01, 95% CI:1.28-3.15; ORa=1.91, 95% CI:1.22-2.98), and insomnia (ORa=5.22, 95% CI:3.38-8.05; ORa=7.58, 95% CI:4.91-11.68; ORa=6.38 95% CI:4.19-9.73) significantly predicted stress, depression and anxiety, respectively. Being female (ORa=1.59, 95% CI:1.04-2.42; ORa=2.09, 95% CI:1.38-3.16) could also significantly predict stress and anxiety.

Conclusion

Female and younger age health care professionals were more prone to report adverse psychological symptoms. More and earlier screening for health-care professionals dealing with COVID-19, in addition to providing psychological support, is highly encouraged.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medical-Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.Department of Community, Environmental, and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.Department of Community, Environmental, and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.Endemic Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33103742

Citation

Youssef, Naglaa, et al. "Mental Health Status of Health-care Professionals Working in Quarantine and Non-quarantine Egyptian Hospitals During the COVID-19 Pandemic." Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La Revue De Sante De La Mediterranee Orientale = al-Majallah Al-sihhiyah Li-sharq Al-mutawassit, vol. 26, no. 10, 2020, pp. 1155-1164.
Youssef N, Mostafa A, Ezzat R, et al. Mental health status of health-care professionals working in quarantine and non-quarantine Egyptian hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(10):1155-1164.
Youssef, N., Mostafa, A., Ezzat, R., Yosef, M., & El Kassas, M. (2020). Mental health status of health-care professionals working in quarantine and non-quarantine Egyptian hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La Revue De Sante De La Mediterranee Orientale = al-Majallah Al-sihhiyah Li-sharq Al-mutawassit, 26(10), 1155-1164. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.20.116
Youssef N, et al. Mental Health Status of Health-care Professionals Working in Quarantine and Non-quarantine Egyptian Hospitals During the COVID-19 Pandemic. East Mediterr Health J. 2020 Oct 13;26(10):1155-1164. PubMed PMID: 33103742.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mental health status of health-care professionals working in quarantine and non-quarantine Egyptian hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. AU - Youssef,Naglaa, AU - Mostafa,Aya, AU - Ezzat,Reem, AU - Yosef,Mostafa, AU - El Kassas,Mohamed, Y1 - 2020/10/13/ PY - 2020/06/14/received PY - 2020/08/31/accepted PY - 2020/10/26/entrez PY - 2020/10/27/pubmed PY - 2020/11/18/medline KW - COVID-19 KW - Egypt KW - mental health KW - pandemic KW - psychological distress SP - 1155 EP - 1164 JF - Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit JO - East Mediterr Health J VL - 26 IS - 10 N2 - Background: Variable models of care have been adopted in different countries in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Egypt has assigned certain hospitals specifically for the quarantine of COVID-19 patients, where operational medical teams work continuously for 14 days, after which they are released for self-isolation at home for a similar period. Aims: The study aimed to evaluate and compare perceived adverse psychological symptoms (stress, anxiety, depression), and insomnia by health-care professionals working in quarantine and non-quarantine hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Egypt, and to explore associated factors with adverse psychological symptoms and insomnia. Methods: An online cross-sectional survey was performed in April 2020, using a snowball sampling method. Sociodemographic information perceived general health, healthy lifestyle, insomnia (using Insomnia Severity Index), adverse psychological symptoms (using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21), worries and concerns about COVID-19, future perspective about COVID-19, and coping strategies were collected. Results: Five hundred and forty health-care professionals participated; 10.2% (n=55) worked in quarantine hospitals. Younger age (ORa=0.96, 95% CI:0.93-0.99, ORa=0.95; 95% CI:0.92-0.97; ORa=0.96 CI:0.93-0.99), being not ready/sure of readiness to work in quarantine hospital (ORa=1.91, 95% CI:1.22-3.00; ORa=2.01, 95% CI:1.28-3.15; ORa=1.91, 95% CI:1.22-2.98), and insomnia (ORa=5.22, 95% CI:3.38-8.05; ORa=7.58, 95% CI:4.91-11.68; ORa=6.38 95% CI:4.19-9.73) significantly predicted stress, depression and anxiety, respectively. Being female (ORa=1.59, 95% CI:1.04-2.42; ORa=2.09, 95% CI:1.38-3.16) could also significantly predict stress and anxiety. Conclusion: Female and younger age health care professionals were more prone to report adverse psychological symptoms. More and earlier screening for health-care professionals dealing with COVID-19, in addition to providing psychological support, is highly encouraged. SN - 1687-1634 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33103742/Mental_health_status_of_health_care_professionals_working_in_quarantine_and_non_quarantine_Egyptian_hospitals_during_the_COVID_19_pandemic_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/childmentalhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -