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The psychological burden experienced by Chinese citizens during the COVID-19 outbreak: prevalence and determinants.
BMC Public Health. 2020 Oct 27; 20(1):1617.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The present study is aims to investigate the prevalence and determinants of depression and anxiety among the general population in the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China.

METHODS

A cross-sectional self-report survey methodology was used to gather the following data from Chinese citizens: sociodemographic information, physical and mental health disorder history, daily online time, social media exposure, feeling toward social media exposure, perception of the disease, infection cases in the local area, and previous experiences with stressful life incidents. Levels of anxiety and depression were self-reported employing the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item scale, respectively.

RESULTS

Among the 6130 participants, the prevalence of anxiety and depression was 7.1 and 12%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that psychological disturbances were associated with gender, people with religious background, being a medical professional, having physical or mental health disease, difficulty accessing medical aids, experience with traumatic incidents, the perceived possibility of sequelae after being cured of COVID-19, daily online time, the source of the information relevant to COVID-19, frequency of receiving information regarding COVID-19, and negative feelings triggered by social media.

CONCLUSIONS

There needs to be a consistent message from authorities to reduce the panic and confusion of the public, and to decrease public exposure to persistently negative information. It is necessary to help people transform their negative experiences into positive changes especially for individuals with physical illness, individuals with mental health disorders, and medical professionals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Psychology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 401120, China.Daka Education Consulting Co.Ltd., Chengdu, Sichuan, China.Department of psychology, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China. Yanhongliu2387@163.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33109156

Citation

Ren, Zhengjia, et al. "The Psychological Burden Experienced By Chinese Citizens During the COVID-19 Outbreak: Prevalence and Determinants." BMC Public Health, vol. 20, no. 1, 2020, p. 1617.
Ren Z, Zhou Y, Liu Y. The psychological burden experienced by Chinese citizens during the COVID-19 outbreak: prevalence and determinants. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):1617.
Ren, Z., Zhou, Y., & Liu, Y. (2020). The psychological burden experienced by Chinese citizens during the COVID-19 outbreak: prevalence and determinants. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 1617. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09723-0
Ren Z, Zhou Y, Liu Y. The Psychological Burden Experienced By Chinese Citizens During the COVID-19 Outbreak: Prevalence and Determinants. BMC Public Health. 2020 Oct 27;20(1):1617. PubMed PMID: 33109156.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The psychological burden experienced by Chinese citizens during the COVID-19 outbreak: prevalence and determinants. AU - Ren,Zhengjia, AU - Zhou,Yuchu, AU - Liu,Yanhong, Y1 - 2020/10/27/ PY - 2020/04/25/received PY - 2020/10/18/accepted PY - 2020/10/28/entrez PY - 2020/10/29/pubmed PY - 2020/10/30/medline KW - Anxiety KW - COVID-19 KW - Depression KW - Prevalence KW - Risk factors SP - 1617 EP - 1617 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The present study is aims to investigate the prevalence and determinants of depression and anxiety among the general population in the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-report survey methodology was used to gather the following data from Chinese citizens: sociodemographic information, physical and mental health disorder history, daily online time, social media exposure, feeling toward social media exposure, perception of the disease, infection cases in the local area, and previous experiences with stressful life incidents. Levels of anxiety and depression were self-reported employing the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item scale, respectively. RESULTS: Among the 6130 participants, the prevalence of anxiety and depression was 7.1 and 12%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that psychological disturbances were associated with gender, people with religious background, being a medical professional, having physical or mental health disease, difficulty accessing medical aids, experience with traumatic incidents, the perceived possibility of sequelae after being cured of COVID-19, daily online time, the source of the information relevant to COVID-19, frequency of receiving information regarding COVID-19, and negative feelings triggered by social media. CONCLUSIONS: There needs to be a consistent message from authorities to reduce the panic and confusion of the public, and to decrease public exposure to persistently negative information. It is necessary to help people transform their negative experiences into positive changes especially for individuals with physical illness, individuals with mental health disorders, and medical professionals. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33109156/The_psychological_burden_experienced_by_Chinese_citizens_during_the_COVID-19_outbreak:_prevalence_and_determinants L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-020-09723-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -