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Reformulation of Packaged Foods and Beverages in the Colombian Food Supply.
Nutrients. 2020 Oct 24; 12(11)N

Abstract

Public discussion, advocacy, and legislative consideration of policies aimed at reducing consumption of processed foods, such as sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes and mandatory front-of-package (FOP) warning labels, may stimulate product reformulation as a strategy to prevent regulation. In Colombia, there have been major legislative pushes for SSB taxes and FOP labels, although neither has passed to date. In light of the ongoing policy debate and successful implementation of similar policies in Peru and Chile, we explored manufacturer reformulation in the Colombian food supply. We compared the quantities of nutrients of concern (including sugar, sodium, and saturated fat) from the nutrition facts panels of the same 102 packaged foods and 36 beverages from the top-selling brands in Colombia between 2016 and 2018. Our analyses showed a substantial decrease in median sugar content of beverages, from 9.2 g per 100 mL to 5.2 g per 100 mL, and an increase in the percentage of beverages containing non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS), from 33% to 64% (p = 0.003). No meaningful changes in the quantities of nutrients of concern among foods were observed. Our findings suggest little reformulation has occurred in Colombia in the absence of mandatory policies, except for the substitution of sugar with NNS among beverages.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA.Departamento de Nutrición Humana, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Carrera 45 N°26-85, Bogotá 11001, Colombia.Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, 8 piso Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Bogotá 110231, Colombia.Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA. Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-2524, USA.Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA. Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-2524, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33114419

Citation

Lowery, Caitlin M., et al. "Reformulation of Packaged Foods and Beverages in the Colombian Food Supply." Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 11, 2020.
Lowery CM, Mora-Plazas M, Gómez LF, et al. Reformulation of Packaged Foods and Beverages in the Colombian Food Supply. Nutrients. 2020;12(11).
Lowery, C. M., Mora-Plazas, M., Gómez, L. F., Popkin, B., & Taillie, L. S. (2020). Reformulation of Packaged Foods and Beverages in the Colombian Food Supply. Nutrients, 12(11). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113260
Lowery CM, et al. Reformulation of Packaged Foods and Beverages in the Colombian Food Supply. Nutrients. 2020 Oct 24;12(11) PubMed PMID: 33114419.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reformulation of Packaged Foods and Beverages in the Colombian Food Supply. AU - Lowery,Caitlin M, AU - Mora-Plazas,Mercedes, AU - Gómez,Luis Fernando, AU - Popkin,Barry, AU - Taillie,Lindsey Smith, Y1 - 2020/10/24/ PY - 2020/09/17/received PY - 2020/10/16/revised PY - 2020/10/22/accepted PY - 2020/10/29/entrez PY - 2020/10/30/pubmed PY - 2021/4/17/medline KW - Latin America KW - food industry KW - food labeling KW - food policy KW - obesity prevention JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 12 IS - 11 N2 - Public discussion, advocacy, and legislative consideration of policies aimed at reducing consumption of processed foods, such as sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes and mandatory front-of-package (FOP) warning labels, may stimulate product reformulation as a strategy to prevent regulation. In Colombia, there have been major legislative pushes for SSB taxes and FOP labels, although neither has passed to date. In light of the ongoing policy debate and successful implementation of similar policies in Peru and Chile, we explored manufacturer reformulation in the Colombian food supply. We compared the quantities of nutrients of concern (including sugar, sodium, and saturated fat) from the nutrition facts panels of the same 102 packaged foods and 36 beverages from the top-selling brands in Colombia between 2016 and 2018. Our analyses showed a substantial decrease in median sugar content of beverages, from 9.2 g per 100 mL to 5.2 g per 100 mL, and an increase in the percentage of beverages containing non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS), from 33% to 64% (p = 0.003). No meaningful changes in the quantities of nutrients of concern among foods were observed. Our findings suggest little reformulation has occurred in Colombia in the absence of mandatory policies, except for the substitution of sugar with NNS among beverages. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33114419/Reformulation_of_Packaged_Foods_and_Beverages_in_the_Colombian_Food_Supply_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu12113260 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -