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Relationships between changes in self-reported physical activity, sedentary behaviour and health during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in France and Switzerland.
J Sports Sci. 2021 Mar; 39(6):699-704.JS

Abstract

To assess whether changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviour during the COVID-19 lockdown are associated with changes in mental and physical health. Observational longitudinal study. Participants living in France or Switzerland responded to online questionnaires measuring physical activity, physical and mental health, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Paired sample t-tests were used to assess differences in physical activity and sedentary behaviour before and during lockdown. Multiple linear regressions were used to investigate associations between changes in physical activity and changes in mental and physical health during lockdown. 267 (wave1) and 110 participants (wave2; 2 weeks later) were recruited. Lockdown resulted in higher time spent in walking and moderate physical activity (~10min/day) and in sedentary behaviour (~75min/day), compared to pre COVID-19. Increased physical activity during leisure time from week 2 to week 4 of lockdown was associated with improved physical health (β=.24, p=.002). Additionally, an increase in sedentary behaviour during leisure time was associated with poorer physical health (β=-.35, p=.002), mental health (β=-.25, p=.003), and subjective vitality (β=-.30, p=.004). Ensuring sufficient levels of physical activity and reducing sedentary time can play a vital role in helping people to cope with a major stressful event, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. Laboratory for the Study of Emotion Elicitation and Expression (E3lab), Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.Physical Activity and Well-Being Research Group, Department of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.SENS, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, Grenoble, France.SENS, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, Grenoble, France.SENS, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, Grenoble, France.SENS, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, Grenoble, France.Swiss NCCR "LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspectives", University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.SENS, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, Grenoble, France.Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. Laboratory for the Study of Emotion Elicitation and Expression (E3lab), Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.Physical Activity and Well-Being Research Group, Department of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33118469

Citation

Cheval, Boris, et al. "Relationships Between Changes in Self-reported Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Health During the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in France and Switzerland." Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 39, no. 6, 2021, pp. 699-704.
Cheval B, Sivaramakrishnan H, Maltagliati S, et al. Relationships between changes in self-reported physical activity, sedentary behaviour and health during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in France and Switzerland. J Sports Sci. 2021;39(6):699-704.
Cheval, B., Sivaramakrishnan, H., Maltagliati, S., Fessler, L., Forestier, C., Sarrazin, P., Orsholits, D., Chalabaev, A., Sander, D., Ntoumanis, N., & Boisgontier, M. P. (2021). Relationships between changes in self-reported physical activity, sedentary behaviour and health during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in France and Switzerland. Journal of Sports Sciences, 39(6), 699-704. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1841396
Cheval B, et al. Relationships Between Changes in Self-reported Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Health During the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in France and Switzerland. J Sports Sci. 2021;39(6):699-704. PubMed PMID: 33118469.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationships between changes in self-reported physical activity, sedentary behaviour and health during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in France and Switzerland. AU - Cheval,Boris, AU - Sivaramakrishnan,Hamsini, AU - Maltagliati,Silvio, AU - Fessler,Layan, AU - Forestier,Cyril, AU - Sarrazin,Philippe, AU - Orsholits,Dan, AU - Chalabaev,Aïna, AU - Sander,David, AU - Ntoumanis,Nikos, AU - Boisgontier,Matthieu P, Y1 - 2020/10/29/ PY - 2020/10/30/pubmed PY - 2021/3/25/medline PY - 2020/10/29/entrez KW - COVID-19 lockdown KW - mental health KW - physical activity KW - physical health KW - sedentary behaviour SP - 699 EP - 704 JF - Journal of sports sciences JO - J Sports Sci VL - 39 IS - 6 N2 - To assess whether changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviour during the COVID-19 lockdown are associated with changes in mental and physical health. Observational longitudinal study. Participants living in France or Switzerland responded to online questionnaires measuring physical activity, physical and mental health, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Paired sample t-tests were used to assess differences in physical activity and sedentary behaviour before and during lockdown. Multiple linear regressions were used to investigate associations between changes in physical activity and changes in mental and physical health during lockdown. 267 (wave1) and 110 participants (wave2; 2 weeks later) were recruited. Lockdown resulted in higher time spent in walking and moderate physical activity (~10min/day) and in sedentary behaviour (~75min/day), compared to pre COVID-19. Increased physical activity during leisure time from week 2 to week 4 of lockdown was associated with improved physical health (β=.24, p=.002). Additionally, an increase in sedentary behaviour during leisure time was associated with poorer physical health (β=-.35, p=.002), mental health (β=-.25, p=.003), and subjective vitality (β=-.30, p=.004). Ensuring sufficient levels of physical activity and reducing sedentary time can play a vital role in helping people to cope with a major stressful event, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. SN - 1466-447X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33118469/Relationships_between_changes_in_self_reported_physical_activity_sedentary_behaviour_and_health_during_the_coronavirus__COVID_19__pandemic_in_France_and_Switzerland_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2020.1841396 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -