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COVID-19-Related Mental Health Effects in the Workplace: A Narrative Review.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 10 27; 17(21)IJ

Abstract

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has deeply altered social and working environments in several ways. Social distancing policies, mandatory lockdowns, isolation periods, and anxiety of getting sick, along with the suspension of productive activity, loss of income, and fear of the future, jointly influence the mental health of citizens and workers. Workplace aspects can play a crucial role on moderating or worsening mental health of people facing this pandemic scenario. The purpose of this literature review is to deepen the psychological aspects linked to workplace factors, following the epidemic rise of COVID-19, in order to address upcoming psychological critical issues in the workplaces. We performed a literature search using Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus, selecting papers focusing on workers' psychological problems that can be related to the workplace during the pandemic. Thirty-five articles were included. Mental issues related to the health emergency, such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sleep disorders are more likely to affect healthcare workers, especially those on the frontline, migrant workers, and workers in contact with the public. Job insecurity, long periods of isolation, and uncertainty of the future worsen the psychological condition, especially in younger people and in those with a higher educational background. Multiple organizational and work-related interventions can mitigate this scenario, such as the improvement of workplace infrastructures, the adoption of correct and shared anti-contagion measures, including regular personal protective equipment (PPE) supply, and the implementation of resilience training programs. This review sets the basis for a better understanding of the psychological conditions of workers during the pandemic, integrating individual and social perspectives, and providing insight into possible individual, social, and occupational approaches to this "psychological pandemic".

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Sciences, European University of Rome, via degli Aldobrandeschi, 190, 00163 Rome, Italy.Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla, 3, 50134 Florence, Italy.Business @ Health Laboratory, European University of Rome, via degli Aldobrandeschi, 190, 00163 Rome, Italy.Business @ Health Laboratory, European University of Rome, via degli Aldobrandeschi, 190, 00163 Rome, Italy.Business @ Health Laboratory, European University of Rome, via degli Aldobrandeschi, 190, 00163 Rome, Italy.School of Occupational Medicine, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla, 3, 50134 Florence, Italy.Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla, 3, 50134 Florence, Italy.Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla, 3, 50134 Florence, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33120930

Citation

Giorgi, Gabriele, et al. "COVID-19-Related Mental Health Effects in the Workplace: a Narrative Review." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 17, no. 21, 2020.
Giorgi G, Lecca LI, Alessio F, et al. COVID-19-Related Mental Health Effects in the Workplace: A Narrative Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(21).
Giorgi, G., Lecca, L. I., Alessio, F., Finstad, G. L., Bondanini, G., Lulli, L. G., Arcangeli, G., & Mucci, N. (2020). COVID-19-Related Mental Health Effects in the Workplace: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(21). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217857
Giorgi G, et al. COVID-19-Related Mental Health Effects in the Workplace: a Narrative Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 10 27;17(21) PubMed PMID: 33120930.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - COVID-19-Related Mental Health Effects in the Workplace: A Narrative Review. AU - Giorgi,Gabriele, AU - Lecca,Luigi Isaia, AU - Alessio,Federico, AU - Finstad,Georgia Libera, AU - Bondanini,Giorgia, AU - Lulli,Lucrezia Ginevra, AU - Arcangeli,Giulio, AU - Mucci,Nicola, Y1 - 2020/10/27/ PY - 2020/08/04/received PY - 2020/09/23/revised PY - 2020/10/25/accepted PY - 2020/10/30/entrez PY - 2020/10/31/pubmed PY - 2020/11/5/medline KW - COVID-19 pandemic KW - SARS-CoV-2 KW - mental health KW - occupational health and safety KW - psychological disorders KW - workplace organization JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 17 IS - 21 N2 - The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has deeply altered social and working environments in several ways. Social distancing policies, mandatory lockdowns, isolation periods, and anxiety of getting sick, along with the suspension of productive activity, loss of income, and fear of the future, jointly influence the mental health of citizens and workers. Workplace aspects can play a crucial role on moderating or worsening mental health of people facing this pandemic scenario. The purpose of this literature review is to deepen the psychological aspects linked to workplace factors, following the epidemic rise of COVID-19, in order to address upcoming psychological critical issues in the workplaces. We performed a literature search using Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus, selecting papers focusing on workers' psychological problems that can be related to the workplace during the pandemic. Thirty-five articles were included. Mental issues related to the health emergency, such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sleep disorders are more likely to affect healthcare workers, especially those on the frontline, migrant workers, and workers in contact with the public. Job insecurity, long periods of isolation, and uncertainty of the future worsen the psychological condition, especially in younger people and in those with a higher educational background. Multiple organizational and work-related interventions can mitigate this scenario, such as the improvement of workplace infrastructures, the adoption of correct and shared anti-contagion measures, including regular personal protective equipment (PPE) supply, and the implementation of resilience training programs. This review sets the basis for a better understanding of the psychological conditions of workers during the pandemic, integrating individual and social perspectives, and providing insight into possible individual, social, and occupational approaches to this "psychological pandemic". SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33120930/COVID_19_Related_Mental_Health_Effects_in_the_Workplace:_A_Narrative_Review_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph17217857 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -