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Obesity and cancer. A review of epidemiological studies on the relationship of obesity to cancer of the colon, rectum, prostate, breast, ovaries, and endometrium.
Dan Med Bull. 1987 Oct; 34(5):267-74.DM

Abstract

Cancer of the colon, rectum, prostate, breast, ovaries and endometrium may be associated with obesity. The present paper reviews both prospective and retrospective studies of the potential associations between obesity and these cancers. This research is especially difficult because of the complex interrelations between weight and diet, physical activity, cigarette smoking, and other conditions. Epidemiological studies of body weight are subject not only to biases of sampling, selection, and confounding but also to marked difficulties in definition and measurement. Bearing in mind the methodological shortcomings, there is a distinct and reproducible association between obesity and cancer of the endometrium and postmenopausal breast cancer. The studies of cancer of the colon, rectum, prostate, and ovaries are too inconclusive to elucidate whether obesity implies an increased risk. It is recommended that future studies in this field include a standardised assessment of the distribution of fat tissue, the onset and duration of the condition, and the associated confounding factors. It is concluded that obesity, especially in females, should be avoided as a part of the general cancer preventive effort.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Unit, National Food Agency, Ministry of the Environment, Valby.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3315476

Citation

Osler, M. "Obesity and Cancer. a Review of Epidemiological Studies On the Relationship of Obesity to Cancer of the Colon, Rectum, Prostate, Breast, Ovaries, and Endometrium." Danish Medical Bulletin, vol. 34, no. 5, 1987, pp. 267-74.
Osler M. Obesity and cancer. A review of epidemiological studies on the relationship of obesity to cancer of the colon, rectum, prostate, breast, ovaries, and endometrium. Dan Med Bull. 1987;34(5):267-74.
Osler, M. (1987). Obesity and cancer. A review of epidemiological studies on the relationship of obesity to cancer of the colon, rectum, prostate, breast, ovaries, and endometrium. Danish Medical Bulletin, 34(5), 267-74.
Osler M. Obesity and Cancer. a Review of Epidemiological Studies On the Relationship of Obesity to Cancer of the Colon, Rectum, Prostate, Breast, Ovaries, and Endometrium. Dan Med Bull. 1987;34(5):267-74. PubMed PMID: 3315476.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity and cancer. A review of epidemiological studies on the relationship of obesity to cancer of the colon, rectum, prostate, breast, ovaries, and endometrium. A1 - Osler,M, PY - 1987/10/1/pubmed PY - 1987/10/1/medline PY - 1987/10/1/entrez SP - 267 EP - 74 JF - Danish medical bulletin JO - Dan Med Bull VL - 34 IS - 5 N2 - Cancer of the colon, rectum, prostate, breast, ovaries and endometrium may be associated with obesity. The present paper reviews both prospective and retrospective studies of the potential associations between obesity and these cancers. This research is especially difficult because of the complex interrelations between weight and diet, physical activity, cigarette smoking, and other conditions. Epidemiological studies of body weight are subject not only to biases of sampling, selection, and confounding but also to marked difficulties in definition and measurement. Bearing in mind the methodological shortcomings, there is a distinct and reproducible association between obesity and cancer of the endometrium and postmenopausal breast cancer. The studies of cancer of the colon, rectum, prostate, and ovaries are too inconclusive to elucidate whether obesity implies an increased risk. It is recommended that future studies in this field include a standardised assessment of the distribution of fat tissue, the onset and duration of the condition, and the associated confounding factors. It is concluded that obesity, especially in females, should be avoided as a part of the general cancer preventive effort. SN - 0907-8916 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3315476/Obesity_and_cancer__A_review_of_epidemiological_studies_on_the_relationship_of_obesity_to_cancer_of_the_colon_rectum_prostate_breast_ovaries_and_endometrium_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9175 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -