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Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Early Adolescent School Girls of Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
Biomed Res Int. 2020; 2020:8850074.BR

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Stunting is a crucial indicator of long-term chronic undernutrition that reflects a failure to reach a linear growth. Adolescent girls are potentially at a higher risk of stunting as they are traditionally married at an early age in low-income countries. In Ethiopia, stunting has mostly been examined in early childhood, with limited information at the early adolescent age. Therefore, this study is aimed at determining the prevalence of stunting and its associated factors among early adolescent school girls age 10 to 14 in Gondar town.

METHODS

We conducted a school-based cross-sectional study. A multistage sampling method was used to sample 662 adolescent girls in selected primary schools. A pretested, structured, and interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the required data. Stata Version 14 and WHO Anthro-plus software were used to analyze the data. The bivariable and multivariable logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with stunting. Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated, and a p value ≤ 0.05 was considered to declare statistically significant variables.

RESULTS

The prevalence of stunting was 27.5% [95% CI: 25.5%-29.5%]. The odds of stunting were found to be higher among grade 5 students [AOR; 95% CI: 1.90; 1.13-3.20], those who reported a daily meal frequency of less than three [AOR; 95% CI: 2.37; 1.60-3.50], and those who were from food-insecure families [AOR; 95% CI: 2.52; 1.70-3.73]. Adolescent girls whose mothers were government employees [AOR; 95% CI: 0.48; 0.26-0.89] or merchants [AOR; 95% CI: 0.43; 0.28-0.67] were less likely to be stunted compared to those whose mothers were housewives.

CONCLUSION

Stunting among early adolescent girls is found to be a moderate public health problem. A school-based nutritional program might be helpful to reduce stunting in this group of adolescent girls.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gondar University Referral and Specialized Hospital, Gondar, Ethiopia.Department of Medical Physiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia. College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, SA 5001, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33163537

Citation

Tamrat, Azmera, et al. "Stunting and Its Associated Factors Among Early Adolescent School Girls of Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: a School-Based Cross-Sectional Study." BioMed Research International, vol. 2020, 2020, p. 8850074.
Tamrat A, Yeshaw Y, Dadi AF. Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Early Adolescent School Girls of Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Biomed Res Int. 2020;2020:8850074.
Tamrat, A., Yeshaw, Y., & Dadi, A. F. (2020). Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Early Adolescent School Girls of Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study. BioMed Research International, 2020, 8850074. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8850074
Tamrat A, Yeshaw Y, Dadi AF. Stunting and Its Associated Factors Among Early Adolescent School Girls of Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: a School-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Biomed Res Int. 2020;2020:8850074. PubMed PMID: 33163537.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Early Adolescent School Girls of Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study. AU - Tamrat,Azmera, AU - Yeshaw,Yigizie, AU - Dadi,Abel Fekadu, Y1 - 2020/10/23/ PY - 2020/08/26/received PY - 2020/10/01/revised PY - 2020/10/16/accepted PY - 2020/11/9/entrez PY - 2020/11/10/pubmed PY - 2021/5/5/medline SP - 8850074 EP - 8850074 JF - BioMed research international JO - Biomed Res Int VL - 2020 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Stunting is a crucial indicator of long-term chronic undernutrition that reflects a failure to reach a linear growth. Adolescent girls are potentially at a higher risk of stunting as they are traditionally married at an early age in low-income countries. In Ethiopia, stunting has mostly been examined in early childhood, with limited information at the early adolescent age. Therefore, this study is aimed at determining the prevalence of stunting and its associated factors among early adolescent school girls age 10 to 14 in Gondar town. METHODS: We conducted a school-based cross-sectional study. A multistage sampling method was used to sample 662 adolescent girls in selected primary schools. A pretested, structured, and interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the required data. Stata Version 14 and WHO Anthro-plus software were used to analyze the data. The bivariable and multivariable logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with stunting. Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated, and a p value ≤ 0.05 was considered to declare statistically significant variables. RESULTS: The prevalence of stunting was 27.5% [95% CI: 25.5%-29.5%]. The odds of stunting were found to be higher among grade 5 students [AOR; 95% CI: 1.90; 1.13-3.20], those who reported a daily meal frequency of less than three [AOR; 95% CI: 2.37; 1.60-3.50], and those who were from food-insecure families [AOR; 95% CI: 2.52; 1.70-3.73]. Adolescent girls whose mothers were government employees [AOR; 95% CI: 0.48; 0.26-0.89] or merchants [AOR; 95% CI: 0.43; 0.28-0.67] were less likely to be stunted compared to those whose mothers were housewives. CONCLUSION: Stunting among early adolescent girls is found to be a moderate public health problem. A school-based nutritional program might be helpful to reduce stunting in this group of adolescent girls. SN - 2314-6141 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33163537/Stunting_and_Its_Associated_Factors_among_Early_Adolescent_School_Girls_of_Gondar_Town_Northwest_Ethiopia:_A_School_Based_Cross_Sectional_Study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8850074 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -