Ultrasonography of accessory sex glands in the stallion.J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1987; 35:87-94.JR
The accessory sex glands of 10 stallions were examined by transrectal ultrasonography. Seminal vesicles were 26.4 +/- 5.2 (s.d.) mm in width and 9.2 +/- 3.1 mm in height. Ampullae were 16.3 +/- 3.6 mm in width and 12.9 +/- 3.9 mm in height. Bulbourethral glands were 19.7 +/- 4.6 mm in width and 32.4 +/- 6.7 mm in length. Prostate lobes exceeded 34 mm in width and were 23.5 +/- 5.7 mm in height. The prostatic isthmus was 6.0 +/- 1.4 mm in height. The seminal colliculus, masculine uterus, and deferent ducts were also identified and characterized. Five of these stallions were killed to compare transrectal results with water bath ultrasonograms and gross dissections of the isolated accessory sex glands. Transrectal ultrasonograms were anatomically and acoustically similar to water bath ultrasonograms. The anatomical relationships, physical dimensions and acoustic characteristics of the stallion's accessory sex glands were accurately represented by transrectal ultrasonography.