Analysis of α-dicarbonyl compounds in coffee (Coffea arabica) prepared under various roasting and brewing methods.Food Chem. 2021 May 01; 343:128525.FC
This study investigated the correlations of α-dicarbonyl compounds (α-DCs), including glyoxal (GO), methylglyoxal (MGO) and diacetyl (DA), formed in coffee prepared under various roasting and brewing methods. The levels of α-DCs in Brazilian coffee beans (Coffea arabica) ranged from 28.3 to 178 μg/mL. Concentration ranges of GO, MGO and DA were 1.31-6.57, 25.5-159 and 1.50-12.9 μg/mL, respectively. The level of α-DCs increased with high roasting temperature, long roasting time, small coffee bean particles, mineral water and espresso brewing. In correlation analysis, the roasting temperature-time showed strong negative correlations with α-DCs in espresso (-0.886) and cold-brew coffee (-0.957). In espresso coffee, there was a strong negative correlation between the α-DCs and coffee bean particle size (-0.918).