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Microplastics in the coral reefs and their potential impacts on corals: A mini-review.
Sci Total Environ. 2021 Mar 25; 762:143112.ST

Abstract

Plastic debris exists worldwide and research on microplastic pollution has gradually spread from the oceans to freshwater and terrestrial systems. Coral reefs not only serve as one of the most charismatic and biodiverse ecosystems on our planet, but also maintain the human harvesting of natural resources and livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people. However, the abundance and distribution characteristics of microplastics in coral reef systems receive little scientific attention. Meanwhile, the impacts of microplastics and nanoplastics on coral health and its potential mechanisms remain further studied. Herein, this review first summarized the current status of microplastics pollution in global coral reefs, especially included (i) abundance and distribution characteristics of microplastics in different media (e.g., seawater, sediment, corals), and (ii) possible sources of microplastics in reef regions. Furthermore, the main interaction mechanisms between microplastics and corals are highlighted. Following this, the direct or indirect impacts of microplastics on coral species are discussed. With the rapid increase of plastic consumption and background of pervasive global coral bleaching, research on marine microplastics must focus on the critical coral reef regions and include a comprehensive knowledge about the distribution, fate, and potential risks from an ecosystem perspective.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China. Electronic address: zgming@hnu.edu.cn.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China. Electronic address: liangjie@hnu.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33172634

Citation

Huang, Wei, et al. "Microplastics in the Coral Reefs and Their Potential Impacts On Corals: a Mini-review." The Science of the Total Environment, vol. 762, 2021, p. 143112.
Huang W, Chen M, Song B, et al. Microplastics in the coral reefs and their potential impacts on corals: A mini-review. Sci Total Environ. 2021;762:143112.
Huang, W., Chen, M., Song, B., Deng, J., Shen, M., Chen, Q., Zeng, G., & Liang, J. (2021). Microplastics in the coral reefs and their potential impacts on corals: A mini-review. The Science of the Total Environment, 762, 143112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143112
Huang W, et al. Microplastics in the Coral Reefs and Their Potential Impacts On Corals: a Mini-review. Sci Total Environ. 2021 Mar 25;762:143112. PubMed PMID: 33172634.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Microplastics in the coral reefs and their potential impacts on corals: A mini-review. AU - Huang,Wei, AU - Chen,Ming, AU - Song,Biao, AU - Deng,Jiaqin, AU - Shen,Maocai, AU - Chen,Qiang, AU - Zeng,Guangming, AU - Liang,Jie, Y1 - 2020/10/20/ PY - 2020/08/03/received PY - 2020/09/30/revised PY - 2020/10/13/accepted PY - 2020/11/12/pubmed PY - 2021/1/23/medline PY - 2020/11/11/entrez KW - Coral KW - Coral reef KW - Ecotoxicological effects KW - Marine microplastic pollution KW - Microplastics SP - 143112 EP - 143112 JF - The Science of the total environment JO - Sci Total Environ VL - 762 N2 - Plastic debris exists worldwide and research on microplastic pollution has gradually spread from the oceans to freshwater and terrestrial systems. Coral reefs not only serve as one of the most charismatic and biodiverse ecosystems on our planet, but also maintain the human harvesting of natural resources and livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people. However, the abundance and distribution characteristics of microplastics in coral reef systems receive little scientific attention. Meanwhile, the impacts of microplastics and nanoplastics on coral health and its potential mechanisms remain further studied. Herein, this review first summarized the current status of microplastics pollution in global coral reefs, especially included (i) abundance and distribution characteristics of microplastics in different media (e.g., seawater, sediment, corals), and (ii) possible sources of microplastics in reef regions. Furthermore, the main interaction mechanisms between microplastics and corals are highlighted. Following this, the direct or indirect impacts of microplastics on coral species are discussed. With the rapid increase of plastic consumption and background of pervasive global coral bleaching, research on marine microplastics must focus on the critical coral reef regions and include a comprehensive knowledge about the distribution, fate, and potential risks from an ecosystem perspective. SN - 1879-1026 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33172634/Microplastics_in_the_coral_reefs_and_their_potential_impacts_on_corals:_A_mini_review_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048-9697(20)36642-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -