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The Qualitative and Quantitative Compositions of Phenolic Compounds in Fruits of Lithuanian Heirloom Apple Cultivars.
Molecules. 2020 Nov 11; 25(22)M

Abstract

As the interest in heirloom cultivars of apple trees, their fruit, and processed products is growing worldwide, studies of the qualitative and quantitative composition of biological compounds are important for the evaluation of the quality and nutritional properties of the apples. Studies on the variations in the chemical composition of phenolic compounds characterized by a versatile biological effect are important when researching the genetic heritage of the heirloom cultivars in order to increase the cultivation of such cultivars in orchards. A variation in the qualitative and quantitative composition of phenolic compounds was found in apple samples of cultivars included in the Lithuanian collection of genetic resources. By the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method flavan-3-ols (procyanidin B1, procyanidin B2, procyanidin C2, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin), flavonols (rutin, hyperoside, quercitrin, isoquercitrin, reynoutrin and avicularin), chlorogenic acids and phloridzin were identified and quantified in fruit samples of heirloom apple cultivars grown in Lithuania. The highest sum of the identified phenolic compounds (3.82 ± 0.53 mg/g) was found in apple fruit samples of the 'Koštelė' cultivar.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacognosy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukileliu av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania.Department of Pharmacognosy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukileliu av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania. Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kauno str. 30, LT-54333 Babtai, Kaunas District, Lithuania.Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kauno str. 30, LT-54333 Babtai, Kaunas District, Lithuania. Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research-NIBIO Ullensvang, Postboks str. 11, NO-1431 Ås Lofthus, Norway.Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kauno str. 30, LT-54333 Babtai, Kaunas District, Lithuania.Department of Pharmacognosy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukileliu av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33187387

Citation

Butkevičiūtė, Aurita, et al. "The Qualitative and Quantitative Compositions of Phenolic Compounds in Fruits of Lithuanian Heirloom Apple Cultivars." Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 25, no. 22, 2020.
Butkevičiūtė A, Liaudanskas M, Kviklys D, et al. The Qualitative and Quantitative Compositions of Phenolic Compounds in Fruits of Lithuanian Heirloom Apple Cultivars. Molecules. 2020;25(22).
Butkevičiūtė, A., Liaudanskas, M., Kviklys, D., Gelvonauskienė, D., & Janulis, V. (2020). The Qualitative and Quantitative Compositions of Phenolic Compounds in Fruits of Lithuanian Heirloom Apple Cultivars. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(22). https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225263
Butkevičiūtė A, et al. The Qualitative and Quantitative Compositions of Phenolic Compounds in Fruits of Lithuanian Heirloom Apple Cultivars. Molecules. 2020 Nov 11;25(22) PubMed PMID: 33187387.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Qualitative and Quantitative Compositions of Phenolic Compounds in Fruits of Lithuanian Heirloom Apple Cultivars. AU - Butkevičiūtė,Aurita, AU - Liaudanskas,Mindaugas, AU - Kviklys,Darius, AU - Gelvonauskienė,Dalia, AU - Janulis,Valdimaras, Y1 - 2020/11/11/ PY - 2020/10/22/received PY - 2020/11/10/revised PY - 2020/11/10/accepted PY - 2020/11/14/entrez PY - 2020/11/15/pubmed PY - 2021/4/22/medline KW - HPLC-DAD KW - apple KW - genetic resources KW - phenolic compounds JF - Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Molecules VL - 25 IS - 22 N2 - As the interest in heirloom cultivars of apple trees, their fruit, and processed products is growing worldwide, studies of the qualitative and quantitative composition of biological compounds are important for the evaluation of the quality and nutritional properties of the apples. Studies on the variations in the chemical composition of phenolic compounds characterized by a versatile biological effect are important when researching the genetic heritage of the heirloom cultivars in order to increase the cultivation of such cultivars in orchards. A variation in the qualitative and quantitative composition of phenolic compounds was found in apple samples of cultivars included in the Lithuanian collection of genetic resources. By the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method flavan-3-ols (procyanidin B1, procyanidin B2, procyanidin C2, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin), flavonols (rutin, hyperoside, quercitrin, isoquercitrin, reynoutrin and avicularin), chlorogenic acids and phloridzin were identified and quantified in fruit samples of heirloom apple cultivars grown in Lithuania. The highest sum of the identified phenolic compounds (3.82 ± 0.53 mg/g) was found in apple fruit samples of the 'Koštelė' cultivar. SN - 1420-3049 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33187387/The_Qualitative_and_Quantitative_Compositions_of_Phenolic_Compounds_in_Fruits_of_Lithuanian_Heirloom_Apple_Cultivars_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -