Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence and Determinants of Stunting and Thinness/Wasting Among Schoolchildren of Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Food Nutr Bull. 2020 12; 41(4):474-493.FN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Several studies have been carried out assessing the prevalence of undernutrition and possible determinants among schoolchildren in Ethiopia, but there is a lack of systematically gathered and analyzed information.

OBJECTIVE

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to summarize epidemiological data on undernutrition and possible determinants among schoolchildren in Ethiopia.

METHODS

We conducted a systematic review using open access articles that report the prevalence of stunting and wasting/thinness among schoolchildren from PubMed Central, Scopus, and Science direct. The pooled prevalence was determined using a random-effect model while heterogeneities between studies were evaluated by I 2 test.

RESULTS

A total of 24 716 schoolchildren were included in the 39 eligible articles. The prevalence of stunting and wasting/thinness among schoolchildren in Ethiopia were 23.1% (95% CI: 19.0-27.0) and 22% (95% CI: 17-26), respectively. There was a marked difference in the prevalence of stunting and wasting/thinness across regions of Ethiopia. The risk of stunting was increased with meal frequency ≤3 times a day (odds ratio [OR] = 3.02, 95% CI: 1.90-4.14), age >10 years (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.47-2.85), and family size ≥5 (OR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.40-2.35). Similarly, the risk of wasting/thinness was increased with male sex (OR = 2.06, 95% CI: 1.54-2.58), low family income (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.30-3.01), and age >10 years (OR = 1.78, 95% CI: 0.74-2.82).

CONCLUSION

This study revealed that more than one-fifth of schoolchildren are stunted or wasted/thin in Ethiopia. Large family size, male sex, and student age were consistently associated with stunting and wasting/thinness among schoolchildren. This study highlights the importance of an integrated effort to reduce undernutrition in Ethiopia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

361451College of Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33191793

Citation

Hailegebriel, Tamirat. "Prevalence and Determinants of Stunting and Thinness/Wasting Among Schoolchildren of Ethiopia: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 41, no. 4, 2020, pp. 474-493.
Hailegebriel T. Prevalence and Determinants of Stunting and Thinness/Wasting Among Schoolchildren of Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Food Nutr Bull. 2020;41(4):474-493.
Hailegebriel, T. (2020). Prevalence and Determinants of Stunting and Thinness/Wasting Among Schoolchildren of Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 41(4), 474-493. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572120968978
Hailegebriel T. Prevalence and Determinants of Stunting and Thinness/Wasting Among Schoolchildren of Ethiopia: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Food Nutr Bull. 2020;41(4):474-493. PubMed PMID: 33191793.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and Determinants of Stunting and Thinness/Wasting Among Schoolchildren of Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. A1 - Hailegebriel,Tamirat, Y1 - 2020/11/15/ PY - 2020/11/17/pubmed PY - 2021/9/4/medline PY - 2020/11/16/entrez KW - meta-analysis KW - stunting KW - systematic review KW - thinness KW - undernutrition SP - 474 EP - 493 JF - Food and nutrition bulletin JO - Food Nutr Bull VL - 41 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Several studies have been carried out assessing the prevalence of undernutrition and possible determinants among schoolchildren in Ethiopia, but there is a lack of systematically gathered and analyzed information. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to summarize epidemiological data on undernutrition and possible determinants among schoolchildren in Ethiopia. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review using open access articles that report the prevalence of stunting and wasting/thinness among schoolchildren from PubMed Central, Scopus, and Science direct. The pooled prevalence was determined using a random-effect model while heterogeneities between studies were evaluated by I 2 test. RESULTS: A total of 24 716 schoolchildren were included in the 39 eligible articles. The prevalence of stunting and wasting/thinness among schoolchildren in Ethiopia were 23.1% (95% CI: 19.0-27.0) and 22% (95% CI: 17-26), respectively. There was a marked difference in the prevalence of stunting and wasting/thinness across regions of Ethiopia. The risk of stunting was increased with meal frequency ≤3 times a day (odds ratio [OR] = 3.02, 95% CI: 1.90-4.14), age >10 years (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.47-2.85), and family size ≥5 (OR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.40-2.35). Similarly, the risk of wasting/thinness was increased with male sex (OR = 2.06, 95% CI: 1.54-2.58), low family income (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.30-3.01), and age >10 years (OR = 1.78, 95% CI: 0.74-2.82). CONCLUSION: This study revealed that more than one-fifth of schoolchildren are stunted or wasted/thin in Ethiopia. Large family size, male sex, and student age were consistently associated with stunting and wasting/thinness among schoolchildren. This study highlights the importance of an integrated effort to reduce undernutrition in Ethiopia. SN - 1564-8265 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33191793/Prevalence_and_Determinants_of_Stunting_and_Thinness/Wasting_Among_Schoolchildren_of_Ethiopia:_A_Systematic_Review_and_Meta_Analysis_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0379572120968978?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -