Kirigami-Inspired Flexible and Stretchable Zinc-Air Battery Based on Metal-Coated Sponge Electrodes.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2020 Dec 09; 12(49):54833-54841.AA
The development of efficient and low-cost flexible metal electrodes is significant for flexible rechargeable zinc-air batteries (ZABs). Herein, we reported a new type of flexible metal (zinc and nickel) electrode fabricated via a two-step deposition method on polyurethane sponges (PUS) for flexible ZABs. Compared to conventional electrodes, the metal-coated PUS electrodes exhibited great flexibility, softness, and natural mechanical resilience. In addition, a flexible sandwich-structured ZAB was assembled with the metal-coated PUS electrodes and in situ cross-linked polyacrylic acid (PAA)-KOH hydrogel electrolyte. The flexible ZAB presented stable discharge/charge performance even under complex rolling and twisting deformations. Moreover, inspired by the kirigami-strategy for device-level stretchability, a 100% stretchable fence-shaped ZAB and a 160% stretchable serpentine-shaped ZAB were cut from the above-mentioned flexible ZABs. The kirigami-inspired configuration enabled the battery performance to be stable during stretching, benefiting from the softness of the PUS@metal electrode. These flexible and stretchable ZABs would broaden the promising applications for portable and wearable energy storage devices.