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A Comparison of Muscle Activation between Barbell Bench Press and Dumbbell Flyes in Resistance-Trained Males.
J Sports Sci Med. 2020 12; 19(4):645-651.JS

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to compare the muscle activity in the prime movers and antagonist between the barbell bench press (BBP) and the dumbbell flyes (DF) Seventeen resistance-trained men (age 22.9 ± 1.8 yrs; height 1.80 ± 0.06 m; body mass 80.0 ± 8.3 kg), with 4.8 ± 2.0 years resistance training experience, completed the study. The surface electromyographic activation was measured in four different muscles (pectoralis major, anterior deltoids, triceps brachii, and biceps brachii) during six repetition maximum loads in both exercises. To better understand eventual differences, an in-depth analysis of the fifth repetition was performed, dividing it into six phases (lower, middle, and upper phase of the descending and ascending movement). The results showed a higher muscle activation in the whole movement and the majority of the lifting phases for pectoralis major, deltoids anterior, and triceps brachii for the BBP compared to the DF (8-81 %, p ≤ 0.05). However, the antagonist biceps brachii showed a higher muscle activation (57-86 %, p ≤ 0.05) in the DF compared to the BBP. In conclusion, both exercises could be included in training programs, but the BBP should be emphasized because of the higher muscle activation overall. Among specific populations, were tasks based on strength and control in a horizontal shoulder flexion position with extended elbows often occurs, the DF might prove useful.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Western Norway University, Faculty of Education, Arts and Sports, Department of Sport, Food and Natural Science, Campus Sogndal, Norway.Western Norway University, Faculty of Education, Arts and Sports, Department of Sport, Food and Natural Science, Campus Sogndal, Norway.Western Norway University, Faculty of Education, Arts and Sports, Department of Sport, Food and Natural Science, Campus Sogndal, Norway.Western Norway University, Faculty of Education, Arts and Sports, Department of Sport, Food and Natural Science, Campus Sogndal, Norway.Western Norway University, Faculty of Education, Arts and Sports, Department of Sport, Food and Natural Science, Campus Sogndal, Norway.Western Norway University, Faculty of Education, Arts and Sports, Department of Sport, Food and Natural Science, Campus Sogndal, Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33239937

Citation

Solstad, Tom Erik, et al. "A Comparison of Muscle Activation Between Barbell Bench Press and Dumbbell Flyes in Resistance-Trained Males." Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, vol. 19, no. 4, 2020, pp. 645-651.
Solstad TE, Andersen V, Shaw M, et al. A Comparison of Muscle Activation between Barbell Bench Press and Dumbbell Flyes in Resistance-Trained Males. J Sports Sci Med. 2020;19(4):645-651.
Solstad, T. E., Andersen, V., Shaw, M., Hoel, E. M., Vonheim, A., & Saeterbakken, A. H. (2020). A Comparison of Muscle Activation between Barbell Bench Press and Dumbbell Flyes in Resistance-Trained Males. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 19(4), 645-651.
Solstad TE, et al. A Comparison of Muscle Activation Between Barbell Bench Press and Dumbbell Flyes in Resistance-Trained Males. J Sports Sci Med. 2020;19(4):645-651. PubMed PMID: 33239937.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Comparison of Muscle Activation between Barbell Bench Press and Dumbbell Flyes in Resistance-Trained Males. AU - Solstad,Tom Erik, AU - Andersen,Vidar, AU - Shaw,Matthew, AU - Hoel,Erlend Mogstad, AU - Vonheim,Andreas, AU - Saeterbakken,Atle Hole, Y1 - 2020/11/19/ PY - 2020/03/17/received PY - 2020/08/21/accepted PY - 2020/11/26/entrez PY - 2020/11/27/pubmed PY - 2021/5/6/medline KW - Strength training KW - multi-joint KW - neuromuscular activation KW - pectoralis major KW - single-joint SP - 645 EP - 651 JF - Journal of sports science & medicine JO - J Sports Sci Med VL - 19 IS - 4 N2 - The purpose of the study was to compare the muscle activity in the prime movers and antagonist between the barbell bench press (BBP) and the dumbbell flyes (DF) Seventeen resistance-trained men (age 22.9 ± 1.8 yrs; height 1.80 ± 0.06 m; body mass 80.0 ± 8.3 kg), with 4.8 ± 2.0 years resistance training experience, completed the study. The surface electromyographic activation was measured in four different muscles (pectoralis major, anterior deltoids, triceps brachii, and biceps brachii) during six repetition maximum loads in both exercises. To better understand eventual differences, an in-depth analysis of the fifth repetition was performed, dividing it into six phases (lower, middle, and upper phase of the descending and ascending movement). The results showed a higher muscle activation in the whole movement and the majority of the lifting phases for pectoralis major, deltoids anterior, and triceps brachii for the BBP compared to the DF (8-81 %, p ≤ 0.05). However, the antagonist biceps brachii showed a higher muscle activation (57-86 %, p ≤ 0.05) in the DF compared to the BBP. In conclusion, both exercises could be included in training programs, but the BBP should be emphasized because of the higher muscle activation overall. Among specific populations, were tasks based on strength and control in a horizontal shoulder flexion position with extended elbows often occurs, the DF might prove useful. SN - 1303-2968 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33239937/A_Comparison_of_Muscle_Activation_between_Barbell_Bench_Press_and_Dumbbell_Flyes_in_Resistance_Trained_Males_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -