Effects of electron-beam irradiation on volatile flavor compounds of salmon fillets by the molecular sensory science technique.J Food Sci. 2021 Jan; 86(1):184-193.JF
Vacuum-packed salmon was treated by electron beam irradiation preservation technology, to study the effects of electron-beam irradiation on odor active compounds of salmon by two types of methods for extraction: headspace-solid phase micro extraction (HS-SPME) and solvent assisted flavor evaporation (SAFE). Volatile flavor compounds examined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), combined with aroma extract dilution method (AEDA) and odor activity value (OAV) for identification of important odorants. In addition, the correlation between sensory attributes and volatile compounds of salmon irradiated at different doses was analyzed by partial least squares regression (PLSR). The results showed that after SPME and SAFE extraction, a total of 49 and 70 volatile flavor compounds were detected in salmon before and after electron beam irradiation. AEDA and OAV were further identified, among which 10 odorants were considered as important volatile flavor compounds and played an important role in the formation of aroma contours such as meaty, fatty, and grassy in salmon. In addition, methanethiol, 3-methyl butyraldehyde, 3-methyl propyl aldehyde, dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, and 2-pentyl furan were identified as the important volatile flavor compounds in salmon irradiated with 4 kGy, and were also the unique compounds that constituted irradiation off-odor. In general, salmon irradiated with 1 kGy showed the best aroma profile. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: SPME and SAFE were used as two types of extraction methods for volatile compounds of salmon, which complemented each other. Additionally, combined with AEDA and OAV, characteristic flavor compounds were identified. Furthermore, the odor fingerprint of salmon with E-beam irradiation was established for the first time.