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Effects of dietary marjoram, Origanum majorana extract on growth performance, hematological, antioxidant, humoral and mucosal immune responses, and resistance of common carp, Cyprinus carpio against Aeromonas hydrophila.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2021 Jan; 108:127-133.FS

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the potential effects of dietary marjoram extract on growth performance, health, and disease resistance in common carp, Cyprinus carpio. To this purpose, the fish were assigned into four treatments and fed by diets supplemented with 0 (control), 100, 200, and 400 mg marjoram extract kg-1 over eight weeks and then challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila. According to the results, 200 mg kg-1 dietary marjoram extract inclusion showed the highest final weight, weight gain, and specific growth rate, and lowest feed conversion ratio (FCR). White blood cell number, Red blood cells, hematocrit, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin were markedly increased particularly at 200 mg kg-1 treatment. Marjoram extract significantly increased plasma superoxide dismutase activity and decreased malondialdehyde level compared to the control treatment. Plasma complement and lysozyme activities and total immunoglobulin levels, mucosal complement, lysozyme and alkaline phosphatase activities and immunoglobulin levels were significantly increased compared to the control group. The lowest post-challenge survival rate was observed in the control treatment, whereas the highest value was related to the 200 mg kg-1 marjoram treatment. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that, marjoram extract is a suitable feed supplements for common carp, as it stimulates the fish growth, antioxidant, and immune systems, which suppress the fish mortality during Aeromonas septicemia. According to the results, 200 mg marjoram extract kg-1 is recommended for carp feed formulation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Aquaculture Department, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran.Department of Animal and Aquatic Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand; Science and Technology Research Institute, Chiang Mai University, 239 Huay Keaw Rd., Suthep, Muang, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand. Electronic address: hien.d@cmu.ac.th.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33253908

Citation

Yousefi, Morteza, et al. "Effects of Dietary Marjoram, Origanum Majorana Extract On Growth Performance, Hematological, Antioxidant, Humoral and Mucosal Immune Responses, and Resistance of Common Carp, Cyprinus Carpio Against Aeromonas Hydrophila." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 108, 2021, pp. 127-133.
Yousefi M, Ghafarifarsani H, Hoseinifar SH, et al. Effects of dietary marjoram, Origanum majorana extract on growth performance, hematological, antioxidant, humoral and mucosal immune responses, and resistance of common carp, Cyprinus carpio against Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2021;108:127-133.
Yousefi, M., Ghafarifarsani, H., Hoseinifar, S. H., Rashidian, G., & Van Doan, H. (2021). Effects of dietary marjoram, Origanum majorana extract on growth performance, hematological, antioxidant, humoral and mucosal immune responses, and resistance of common carp, Cyprinus carpio against Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 108, 127-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2020.11.019
Yousefi M, et al. Effects of Dietary Marjoram, Origanum Majorana Extract On Growth Performance, Hematological, Antioxidant, Humoral and Mucosal Immune Responses, and Resistance of Common Carp, Cyprinus Carpio Against Aeromonas Hydrophila. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2021;108:127-133. PubMed PMID: 33253908.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of dietary marjoram, Origanum majorana extract on growth performance, hematological, antioxidant, humoral and mucosal immune responses, and resistance of common carp, Cyprinus carpio against Aeromonas hydrophila. AU - Yousefi,Morteza, AU - Ghafarifarsani,Hamed, AU - Hoseinifar,Seyed Hossein, AU - Rashidian,Ghasem, AU - Van Doan,Hien, Y1 - 2020/11/28/ PY - 2020/08/20/received PY - 2020/11/13/revised PY - 2020/11/18/accepted PY - 2020/12/1/pubmed PY - 2021/5/18/medline PY - 2020/11/30/entrez KW - Common carp KW - Fish disease KW - Growth promoter KW - Immune response KW - Mucosal immunity KW - Plant extract SP - 127 EP - 133 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 108 N2 - The present study aimed to investigate the potential effects of dietary marjoram extract on growth performance, health, and disease resistance in common carp, Cyprinus carpio. To this purpose, the fish were assigned into four treatments and fed by diets supplemented with 0 (control), 100, 200, and 400 mg marjoram extract kg-1 over eight weeks and then challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila. According to the results, 200 mg kg-1 dietary marjoram extract inclusion showed the highest final weight, weight gain, and specific growth rate, and lowest feed conversion ratio (FCR). White blood cell number, Red blood cells, hematocrit, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin were markedly increased particularly at 200 mg kg-1 treatment. Marjoram extract significantly increased plasma superoxide dismutase activity and decreased malondialdehyde level compared to the control treatment. Plasma complement and lysozyme activities and total immunoglobulin levels, mucosal complement, lysozyme and alkaline phosphatase activities and immunoglobulin levels were significantly increased compared to the control group. The lowest post-challenge survival rate was observed in the control treatment, whereas the highest value was related to the 200 mg kg-1 marjoram treatment. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that, marjoram extract is a suitable feed supplements for common carp, as it stimulates the fish growth, antioxidant, and immune systems, which suppress the fish mortality during Aeromonas septicemia. According to the results, 200 mg marjoram extract kg-1 is recommended for carp feed formulation. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33253908/Effects_of_dietary_marjoram_Origanum_majorana_extract_on_growth_performance_hematological_antioxidant_humoral_and_mucosal_immune_responses_and_resistance_of_common_carp_Cyprinus_carpio_against_Aeromonas_hydrophila_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(20)30724-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -