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The Effects of Air Pollution on COVID-19 Infection and Mortality-A Review on Recent Evidence.
Front Public Health. 2020; 8:580057.FP

Abstract

The outbreak of COVID-19 has created a serious public health concern worldwide. Although, most of the regions around the globe have been affected by COVID-19 infections; some regions are more badly affected in terms of infections and fatality rates than others. The exact reasons for such variations are not clear yet. This review discussed the possible effects of air pollution on COVID-19 infections and mortality based on some recent evidence. The findings of most studies reviewed here demonstrate that both short-term and long-term exposure to air pollution especially PM2.5 and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) may contribute significantly to higher rates of COVID-19 infections and mortalities with a lesser extent also PM10. A significant correlation has been found between air pollution and COVID-19 infections and mortality in some countries in the world. The available data also indicate that exposure to air pollution may influence COVID-19 transmission. Moreover, exposure to air pollution may increase vulnerability and have harmful effects on the prognosis of patients affected by COVID-19 infections. Further research should be conducted considering some potential confounders such as age and pre-existing medical conditions along with exposure to NO2, PM2.5 and other air pollutants to confirm their detrimental effects on mortalities from COVID-19.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33324598

Citation

Ali, Nurshad, and Farjana Islam. "The Effects of Air Pollution On COVID-19 Infection and Mortality-A Review On Recent Evidence." Frontiers in Public Health, vol. 8, 2020, p. 580057.
Ali N, Islam F. The Effects of Air Pollution on COVID-19 Infection and Mortality-A Review on Recent Evidence. Front Public Health. 2020;8:580057.
Ali, N., & Islam, F. (2020). The Effects of Air Pollution on COVID-19 Infection and Mortality-A Review on Recent Evidence. Frontiers in Public Health, 8, 580057. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.580057
Ali N, Islam F. The Effects of Air Pollution On COVID-19 Infection and Mortality-A Review On Recent Evidence. Front Public Health. 2020;8:580057. PubMed PMID: 33324598.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Effects of Air Pollution on COVID-19 Infection and Mortality-A Review on Recent Evidence. AU - Ali,Nurshad, AU - Islam,Farjana, Y1 - 2020/11/26/ PY - 2020/07/08/received PY - 2020/10/23/accepted PY - 2020/12/16/entrez PY - 2020/12/17/pubmed PY - 2020/12/31/medline KW - COVID-19 KW - air pollution KW - infection KW - mortality KW - public health SP - 580057 EP - 580057 JF - Frontiers in public health JO - Front Public Health VL - 8 N2 - The outbreak of COVID-19 has created a serious public health concern worldwide. Although, most of the regions around the globe have been affected by COVID-19 infections; some regions are more badly affected in terms of infections and fatality rates than others. The exact reasons for such variations are not clear yet. This review discussed the possible effects of air pollution on COVID-19 infections and mortality based on some recent evidence. The findings of most studies reviewed here demonstrate that both short-term and long-term exposure to air pollution especially PM2.5 and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) may contribute significantly to higher rates of COVID-19 infections and mortalities with a lesser extent also PM10. A significant correlation has been found between air pollution and COVID-19 infections and mortality in some countries in the world. The available data also indicate that exposure to air pollution may influence COVID-19 transmission. Moreover, exposure to air pollution may increase vulnerability and have harmful effects on the prognosis of patients affected by COVID-19 infections. Further research should be conducted considering some potential confounders such as age and pre-existing medical conditions along with exposure to NO2, PM2.5 and other air pollutants to confirm their detrimental effects on mortalities from COVID-19. SN - 2296-2565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33324598/The_Effects_of_Air_Pollution_on_COVID_19_Infection_and_Mortality_A_Review_on_Recent_Evidence_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -