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Constituents of Cannabis Sativa.
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2021; 1264:1-13.AE

Abstract

The Cannabis sativa plant has been used medicinally and recreationally for thousands of years, but recently only relatively some of its constituents have been identified. There are more than 550 chemical compounds in cannabis, with more than 100 phytocannabinoids being identified, including Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). These phytocannabinoids work by binding to the cannabinoid receptors, as well as other receptor systems. Also within cannabis are the aromatic terpenes, more than 100 of which have been identified. Cannabis and its constituents have been indicated as therapeutic compounds in numerous medical conditions, such as pain, anxiety, epilepsy, nausea and vomiting, and post-traumatic stress disorder. This chapter provides an overview of some of the biological effects of a number of the cannabinoids and terpenes, as well as discussing their known mechanisms of action and evidence of potential therapeutic effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology and Collaborative Neuroscience Program, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.Department of Psychology and Collaborative Neuroscience Program, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada. parkerl@uoguelph.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33332000

Citation

Rock, Erin M., and Linda A. Parker. "Constituents of Cannabis Sativa." Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 1264, 2021, pp. 1-13.
Rock EM, Parker LA. Constituents of Cannabis Sativa. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2021;1264:1-13.
Rock, E. M., & Parker, L. A. (2021). Constituents of Cannabis Sativa. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 1264, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57369-0_1
Rock EM, Parker LA. Constituents of Cannabis Sativa. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2021;1264:1-13. PubMed PMID: 33332000.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Constituents of Cannabis Sativa. AU - Rock,Erin M, AU - Parker,Linda A, PY - 2020/12/17/entrez PY - 2020/12/18/pubmed PY - 2021/2/4/medline KW - Cannabidiol KW - Cannabinoid receptors KW - Cannabis sativa KW - Phytocannabinoid KW - Terpene KW - Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol SP - 1 EP - 13 JF - Advances in experimental medicine and biology JO - Adv Exp Med Biol VL - 1264 N2 - The Cannabis sativa plant has been used medicinally and recreationally for thousands of years, but recently only relatively some of its constituents have been identified. There are more than 550 chemical compounds in cannabis, with more than 100 phytocannabinoids being identified, including Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). These phytocannabinoids work by binding to the cannabinoid receptors, as well as other receptor systems. Also within cannabis are the aromatic terpenes, more than 100 of which have been identified. Cannabis and its constituents have been indicated as therapeutic compounds in numerous medical conditions, such as pain, anxiety, epilepsy, nausea and vomiting, and post-traumatic stress disorder. This chapter provides an overview of some of the biological effects of a number of the cannabinoids and terpenes, as well as discussing their known mechanisms of action and evidence of potential therapeutic effects. SN - 0065-2598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33332000/Constituents_of_Cannabis_Sativa_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57369-0_1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -