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Implementing the Health Early Warning System based on syndromic and event-based surveillance at the 2019 Hajj.
East Mediterr Health J. 2020 Dec 09; 26(12):1570-1575.EM

Abstract

Background

During the 2019 Hajj, the Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia implemented for the first time a health early warning system for rapid detection and response to health threats.

Aims

This study aimed to describe the early warning findings at the Hajj to highlight the pattern of health risks and the potential benefits of the disease surveillance system.

Methods

Using syndromic surveillance and event-based surveillance data, the health early warning system generated automated alarms for public health events, triggered alerts for rapid epidemiological investigations and facilitated the monitoring of health events.

Results

During the deployment period (4 July-31 August 2019), a total of 121 automated alarms were generated, of which 2 events (heat-related illnesses and injuries/trauma) were confirmed by the response teams.

Conclusion

The surveillance system potentially improved the timeliness and situational awareness for health events, including non-infectious threats. In the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic, a health early warning system could enhance case detection and facilitate monitoring of the disease geographical spread and the effectiveness of control measures.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Global Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine (WHO Collaborating Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine) Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Global Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine (WHO Collaborating Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine) Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Emergency Medicine Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Global Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine (WHO Collaborating Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine) Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Global Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine (WHO Collaborating Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine) Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Global Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine (WHO Collaborating Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine) Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.World Health Organization Eastern Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.World Health Organization Eastern Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33355398

Citation

Bieh, Kingsley Lezor, et al. "Implementing the Health Early Warning System Based On Syndromic and Event-based Surveillance at the 2019 Hajj." Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La Revue De Sante De La Mediterranee Orientale = al-Majallah Al-sihhiyah Li-sharq Al-mutawassit, vol. 26, no. 12, 2020, pp. 1570-1575.
Bieh KL, Khan A, Yezli S, et al. Implementing the Health Early Warning System based on syndromic and event-based surveillance at the 2019 Hajj. East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(12):1570-1575.
Bieh, K. L., Khan, A., Yezli, S., El-Ganainy, A., Asiri, S., Alotaibi, B., Ghallab, S., Elkholy, A., Abubakar, A., & Jokhdar, H. (2020). Implementing the Health Early Warning System based on syndromic and event-based surveillance at the 2019 Hajj. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La Revue De Sante De La Mediterranee Orientale = al-Majallah Al-sihhiyah Li-sharq Al-mutawassit, 26(12), 1570-1575. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.20.129
Bieh KL, et al. Implementing the Health Early Warning System Based On Syndromic and Event-based Surveillance at the 2019 Hajj. East Mediterr Health J. 2020 Dec 9;26(12):1570-1575. PubMed PMID: 33355398.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Implementing the Health Early Warning System based on syndromic and event-based surveillance at the 2019 Hajj. AU - Bieh,Kingsley Lezor, AU - Khan,Anas, AU - Yezli,Saber, AU - El-Ganainy,Ahmed, AU - Asiri,Sari, AU - Alotaibi,Badriah, AU - Ghallab,Sujoud, AU - Elkholy,Amgad, AU - Abubakar,Abdinasir, AU - Jokhdar,Hani, Y1 - 2020/12/09/ PY - 2020/05/18/received PY - 2020/06/11/accepted PY - 2020/12/23/entrez PY - 2020/12/24/pubmed PY - 2020/12/31/medline KW - Hajj KW - early warning KW - event-based surveillance KW - mass gathering KW - pilgrim KW - syndromic surveillance SP - 1570 EP - 1575 JF - Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit JO - East Mediterr Health J VL - 26 IS - 12 N2 - Background: During the 2019 Hajj, the Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia implemented for the first time a health early warning system for rapid detection and response to health threats. Aims: This study aimed to describe the early warning findings at the Hajj to highlight the pattern of health risks and the potential benefits of the disease surveillance system. Methods: Using syndromic surveillance and event-based surveillance data, the health early warning system generated automated alarms for public health events, triggered alerts for rapid epidemiological investigations and facilitated the monitoring of health events. Results: During the deployment period (4 July-31 August 2019), a total of 121 automated alarms were generated, of which 2 events (heat-related illnesses and injuries/trauma) were confirmed by the response teams. Conclusion: The surveillance system potentially improved the timeliness and situational awareness for health events, including non-infectious threats. In the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic, a health early warning system could enhance case detection and facilitate monitoring of the disease geographical spread and the effectiveness of control measures. SN - 1687-1634 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33355398/Implementing_the_Health_Early_Warning_System_based_on_syndromic_and_event_based_surveillance_at_the_2019_Hajj_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/covid19coronavirusdisease2019.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -