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SARS-CoV-2 existence in sewage and wastewater: A global public health concern?
J Environ Manage. 2021 Feb 15; 280:111825.JE

Abstract

The SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic has spread across the globe and affected millions of individuals as of the efficient virus transmission potential mediated via multiple virus shedding routes. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 in the stool samples and its prolonged shedding in environmental compartments like sewage and wastewater signifies a potential threat adding to the transmission cycle of this novel virus. The potential role played by the asymptomatic COVID-19 patients in transmitting the disease via the fecal-oral route is now under investigation. Hence, in the present scenario, wastewater-based epidemiology, and sewage surveillance may provide valuable insights into the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 among the human population and could serve as a sensitive surveillance system and a crucial early warning tool. Further studies are required to determine the survival of SARS-CoV-2 in the environment, transmissibility through wastewater, and the potential to infect humans via the fecal-oral route. Appropriate frameworks with regards to evaluation and analysis of SARS-CoV-2 will help implement appropriate intervention strategies and necessary sanitation practices to ensure virus free clean water supply to have a check on the further spread of this pandemic virus.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address: kdhama@rediffmail.com.Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.Division of Veterinary Clinical Complex, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Shuhama, Alusteng Srinagar, Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar, 190006, Jammu and Kashmir, India.Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Sciences, Uttar Pradesh Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura, 281001, India.Division of Surgery, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.Tara Hospital, Uttam Nagar, New Delhi, 11059, India.Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar, Lekawada, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382042, India.Division of Biological Standardization, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India; College of Animal Biotechnology, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University, Ludhiana, 141004, Punjab, India. Electronic address: malikyps@gmail.com.Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.Medical Research Unit, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia; Tropical Disease Centre, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia; Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33360553

Citation

Dhama, Kuldeep, et al. "SARS-CoV-2 Existence in Sewage and Wastewater: a Global Public Health Concern?" Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 280, 2021, p. 111825.
Dhama K, Patel SK, Yatoo MI, et al. SARS-CoV-2 existence in sewage and wastewater: A global public health concern? J Environ Manage. 2021;280:111825.
Dhama, K., Patel, S. K., Yatoo, M. I., Tiwari, R., Sharun, K., Dhama, J., Natesan, S., Malik, Y. S., Singh, K. P., & Harapan, H. (2021). SARS-CoV-2 existence in sewage and wastewater: A global public health concern? Journal of Environmental Management, 280, 111825. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111825
Dhama K, et al. SARS-CoV-2 Existence in Sewage and Wastewater: a Global Public Health Concern. J Environ Manage. 2021 Feb 15;280:111825. PubMed PMID: 33360553.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - SARS-CoV-2 existence in sewage and wastewater: A global public health concern? AU - Dhama,Kuldeep, AU - Patel,Shailesh Kumar, AU - Yatoo,Mohd Iqbal, AU - Tiwari,Ruchi, AU - Sharun,Khan, AU - Dhama,Jaideep, AU - Natesan,Senthilkumar, AU - Malik,Yashpal Singh, AU - Singh,Karam Pal, AU - Harapan,Harapan, Y1 - 2020/12/10/ PY - 2020/06/19/received PY - 2020/10/10/revised PY - 2020/12/08/accepted PY - 2020/12/29/pubmed PY - 2021/1/14/medline PY - 2020/12/28/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - Public health KW - SARS-CoV-2 KW - Sewage KW - Surveillance KW - Wastewater SP - 111825 EP - 111825 JF - Journal of environmental management JO - J Environ Manage VL - 280 N2 - The SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic has spread across the globe and affected millions of individuals as of the efficient virus transmission potential mediated via multiple virus shedding routes. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 in the stool samples and its prolonged shedding in environmental compartments like sewage and wastewater signifies a potential threat adding to the transmission cycle of this novel virus. The potential role played by the asymptomatic COVID-19 patients in transmitting the disease via the fecal-oral route is now under investigation. Hence, in the present scenario, wastewater-based epidemiology, and sewage surveillance may provide valuable insights into the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 among the human population and could serve as a sensitive surveillance system and a crucial early warning tool. Further studies are required to determine the survival of SARS-CoV-2 in the environment, transmissibility through wastewater, and the potential to infect humans via the fecal-oral route. Appropriate frameworks with regards to evaluation and analysis of SARS-CoV-2 will help implement appropriate intervention strategies and necessary sanitation practices to ensure virus free clean water supply to have a check on the further spread of this pandemic virus. SN - 1095-8630 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33360553/SARS_CoV_2_existence_in_sewage_and_wastewater:_A_global_public_health_concern L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-4797(20)31750-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -