Ocular hypertension in Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome.Rom J Ophthalmol. 2020 Oct-Dec; 64(4):455-458.RJ
Purpose: to describe a clinical case of ocular hypertension (OHT) in Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome (ARS). Method: Observational case report of a 43-year-old woman with background of OHT. The data was collected originally with a standardized electronic medical record. A complete ophthalmologic examination was performed. Results: In the biomicroscopy, a posterior embryotoxon, iris atrophy with absence of crypts and irregularity of pigmentation, and discoria in OU were observed. Gonioscopy revealed an open angle with a prominent and anterior displaced Schwalbe line. Ocular fundus (OF) demonstrated small and oblique papillae, with normal neurorretinal ring. Functional tests were normal. The patient did not present systemic pathologies, so the diagnosis of Rieger anomaly was made. The IOP control was achieved with aqueous humor suppressants. Conclusions: Glaucoma is the main cause of visual morbidity in patients with ARS, therefore a complete periodic ophthalmological exam is a priority. Abbreviations :ARS = Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome, RP = retinitis pigmentosa, IOP = Intraocular Pressure, BCVA = Best Corrected Visual Acuity, OR = right eye, OS = left eye, OU = both eyes, OF = ocular fundus, OCT = optical coherence tomography, VF = visual field, TBC = trabeculectomy.