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Intimate partner violence among prenatal care attendees amidst the COVID-19 crisis: The incidence in Ethiopia.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2021 Apr; 153(1):45-50.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the incidence and predictors of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy amidst the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

METHODS

This cross-sectional study was conducted at the prenatal care clinic of St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, among pregnant women from 31 August to 2 November 2020. Participants were interviewed using Open Data Kit. Logistic regression was used to assess predictors.

RESULTS

Among the 464 pregnant women, 33 (7.1%) reported IPV during pregnancy, and among these 24 (72.7%) reported emotional violence, 16 (48.5%) reported sexual violence, and 10 (30.3%) reported physical violence. Among the study participants, only 8 (1.7%) were screened for IPV. IPV was reported 3.27 times more often by women who reported that their partner chewed Khat compared with those women whose partner did not (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.27; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.45-7.38), and 1.52 times more often women who reported that their partner drank alcohol compared with those women whose partner did not (aOR 1.52; 95% CI 1.01-2.28).

CONCLUSION

Very few women were screened for IPV. Partners drinking alcohol and chewing Khat are significantly positively associated with IPV during pregnancy. IPV screening should be included in the national management protocol of obstetric cases of Ethiopia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33368273

Citation

Teshome, Abel, et al. "Intimate Partner Violence Among Prenatal Care Attendees Amidst the COVID-19 Crisis: the Incidence in Ethiopia." International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, vol. 153, no. 1, 2021, pp. 45-50.
Teshome A, Gudu W, Bekele D, et al. Intimate partner violence among prenatal care attendees amidst the COVID-19 crisis: The incidence in Ethiopia. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2021;153(1):45-50.
Teshome, A., Gudu, W., Bekele, D., Asfaw, M., Enyew, R., & Compton, S. D. (2021). Intimate partner violence among prenatal care attendees amidst the COVID-19 crisis: The incidence in Ethiopia. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 153(1), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13566
Teshome A, et al. Intimate Partner Violence Among Prenatal Care Attendees Amidst the COVID-19 Crisis: the Incidence in Ethiopia. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2021;153(1):45-50. PubMed PMID: 33368273.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intimate partner violence among prenatal care attendees amidst the COVID-19 crisis: The incidence in Ethiopia. AU - Teshome,Abel, AU - Gudu,Wondimu, AU - Bekele,Delayehu, AU - Asfaw,Mariamawit, AU - Enyew,Ruhama, AU - Compton,Sarah D, Y1 - 2021/01/19/ PY - 2020/12/10/received PY - 2020/12/19/revised PY - 2020/12/22/accepted PY - 2020/12/29/pubmed PY - 2020/12/29/medline PY - 2020/12/28/entrez KW - coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic (crisis) KW - domestic violence KW - intimate partner violence KW - pregnant women SP - 45 EP - 50 JF - International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics JO - Int J Gynaecol Obstet VL - 153 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and predictors of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy amidst the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the prenatal care clinic of St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, among pregnant women from 31 August to 2 November 2020. Participants were interviewed using Open Data Kit. Logistic regression was used to assess predictors. RESULTS: Among the 464 pregnant women, 33 (7.1%) reported IPV during pregnancy, and among these 24 (72.7%) reported emotional violence, 16 (48.5%) reported sexual violence, and 10 (30.3%) reported physical violence. Among the study participants, only 8 (1.7%) were screened for IPV. IPV was reported 3.27 times more often by women who reported that their partner chewed Khat compared with those women whose partner did not (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.27; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.45-7.38), and 1.52 times more often women who reported that their partner drank alcohol compared with those women whose partner did not (aOR 1.52; 95% CI 1.01-2.28). CONCLUSION: Very few women were screened for IPV. Partners drinking alcohol and chewing Khat are significantly positively associated with IPV during pregnancy. IPV screening should be included in the national management protocol of obstetric cases of Ethiopia. SN - 1879-3479 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33368273/Intimate_partner_violence_among_prenatal_care_attendees_amidst_the_COVID_19_crisis:_The_incidence_in_Ethiopia_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13566 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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