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Pathological Preoccupation with Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample with Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns.
Nutrients. 2020 Dec 21; 12(12)N

Abstract

Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been defined as an obsessive and pathological attitude towards healthy nutrition. The aim of this study was to compare individuals who followed a vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore diet in terms of ON behaviors and to examine their prime motivations, attitudes, and behaviors towards food. The Spanish version of the ORTO-15 test - ORTO-11-ES - and the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ-SP) were used with a demographic questionnaire in an online survey disseminated among the social networks of different vegetarian associations and the general population. Of 466 individuals, 55% followed an omnivore diet, 23.5% were vegetarian and 21.7% were vegan. Results revealed relationships between type of diet and FCQ-SP dimensions for: health and natural content (H = 8.7, p < 0.05), sensory appeal (H = 11.4, p < 0.01), weight control (H = 40.4, p < 0.01), and familiarity (H = 37.3, p < 0.01). Our results confirm the findings of recent studies showing that individuals who follow a vegan or vegetarian diet are more likely to develop a pathological preoccupation with healthy eating versus omnivores. Further studies are required to determine the potential lines of action for the prevention of ON.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing of Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla-La-Mancha, 13001 Ciudad Real, Spain.Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing of Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla-La-Mancha, 13001 Ciudad Real, Spain.Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing of Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla-La-Mancha, 13001 Ciudad Real, Spain.Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21004 Huelva, Spain.Department of Psychology, University Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, 28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain.Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing of Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla-La-Mancha, 13001 Ciudad Real, Spain.Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, 50-137 Wroclaw, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33371252

Citation

Parra-Fernández, María Laura, et al. "Pathological Preoccupation With Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample With Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns." Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 12, 2020.
Parra-Fernández ML, Manzaneque-Cañadillas M, Onieva-Zafra MD, et al. Pathological Preoccupation with Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample with Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. Nutrients. 2020;12(12).
Parra-Fernández, M. L., Manzaneque-Cañadillas, M., Onieva-Zafra, M. D., Fernández-Martínez, E., Fernández-Muñoz, J. J., Prado-Laguna, M. D. C., & Brytek-Matera, A. (2020). Pathological Preoccupation with Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample with Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. Nutrients, 12(12). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123907
Parra-Fernández ML, et al. Pathological Preoccupation With Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample With Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. Nutrients. 2020 Dec 21;12(12) PubMed PMID: 33371252.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pathological Preoccupation with Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample with Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. AU - Parra-Fernández,María Laura, AU - Manzaneque-Cañadillas,Maria, AU - Onieva-Zafra,María Dolores, AU - Fernández-Martínez,Elia, AU - Fernández-Muñoz,Juan José, AU - Prado-Laguna,María Del Carmen, AU - Brytek-Matera,Anna, Y1 - 2020/12/21/ PY - 2020/10/29/received PY - 2020/12/17/revised PY - 2020/12/18/accepted PY - 2020/12/29/entrez PY - 2020/12/30/pubmed PY - 2021/4/20/medline KW - FCQ-SP KW - ORTO-11-ES KW - orthorexia nervosa KW - vegans KW - vegetarians JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 12 IS - 12 N2 - Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been defined as an obsessive and pathological attitude towards healthy nutrition. The aim of this study was to compare individuals who followed a vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore diet in terms of ON behaviors and to examine their prime motivations, attitudes, and behaviors towards food. The Spanish version of the ORTO-15 test - ORTO-11-ES - and the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ-SP) were used with a demographic questionnaire in an online survey disseminated among the social networks of different vegetarian associations and the general population. Of 466 individuals, 55% followed an omnivore diet, 23.5% were vegetarian and 21.7% were vegan. Results revealed relationships between type of diet and FCQ-SP dimensions for: health and natural content (H = 8.7, p < 0.05), sensory appeal (H = 11.4, p < 0.01), weight control (H = 40.4, p < 0.01), and familiarity (H = 37.3, p < 0.01). Our results confirm the findings of recent studies showing that individuals who follow a vegan or vegetarian diet are more likely to develop a pathological preoccupation with healthy eating versus omnivores. Further studies are required to determine the potential lines of action for the prevention of ON. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33371252/Pathological_Preoccupation_with_Healthy_Eating__Orthorexia_Nervosa__in_a_Spanish_Sample_with_Vegetarian_Vegan_and_Non_Vegetarian_Dietary_Patterns_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu12123907 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -