Physical Stability and Dissolution of Lumefantrine Amorphous Solid Dispersions Produced by Spray Anti-Solvent Precipitation.J Pharm Sci. 2021 06; 110(6):2423-2431.JP
This study aims to develop amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) of lumefantrine with a cost-effective approach of spray anti-solvent precipitation. Four acidic polymers, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose phthalate (HPMCP), hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMCAS), poly(methacrylic acid-ethyl acrylate) (EL100) and cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) were studied as excipients at various drug-polymer ratios. Of the studied polymers, satisfactory physical stability was demonstrated for HPMCP- and HPMCAS-based ASDs with no observed powder X-ray diffraction peaks for up to 3 months of storage at 40 °C/75% RH. HPMCP and HPMCAS ASDs also achieved greater drug release levels in the dissolution study than other polymers. The HPMCP-based ASDs with a drug:polymer ratio of 2:8 exhibited a maximum drug release of 140 μg/mL for up to 2 h, which is significantly higher than the currently marketed formulation of Coartem® (<80 ng/mL). Relatively, the CAP and EL100 ASDs indicated a higher water content and crystallized within a day when stored at 40 °C/75% RH. The choice of polymer, and the drug-polymer ratio played a crucial role in the solubility enhancement of lumefantrine. Our study indicates that the developed spray anti-solvent precipitation method could be an affordable approach for producing ASDs.