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[Potential interaction effect on obesity between sleep duration and dietary patterns in preschool children in Bengbu City in 2018-2019].
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2020 Nov; 49(6):895-901.WS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the interaction effect between sleep duration and dietary patterns on obesity, in order to explore the possible risk factors for preschool children's obesity.

METHODS

During September of 2018 to March of 2019(1148 boys and 981 girls, 1199 living in urban and 930 living in rural, 756 only child and 1373 not only child), a total of 2129 preschool children used two-stage cluster sampling method from 22 kindergartens aged 3-6 years old were investigated. Social-demographic information(included sex, age, only child or not, left-behind children or not, economic status of family, parents 'cultural level and caregivers' information), sleep duration and dietary intake were collected through "Sleep Duration and Physical Development Questionnaire(SDPDQ) of children aged 3-6 years old in Bengbu city". Factor analysis was applied to determine major dietary patterns, unconditional Logistic regression was used to analyze the multiplication interaction effect between sleep duration and dietary patterns on obesity.

RESULTS

Four dietary patterns-"traditional", "animal", "calcium" and "snack" were identified in our study by principal component analysis. The factor contribution rate of the four dietary patterns was 16. 568%, 11. 462%, 7. 317% and 4. 562%, respectively, the total variance was 39. 909%. Among the preschool children, the prevalence of overweight and obesity were 18. 0%(n=383) and 10. 5%(n=223), respectively. After controlling the confounding factors, the shorter sleep duration(OR=1. 25, 95%CI 1. 07-1. 72), scores in the top quintile of "animal" pattern(OR=1. 32, 95%CI 1. 15-1. 54) and "snack" pattern(OR=1. 46, 95%CI 1. 16-1. 78) showed greater odds with the prevalence of overweight/obesity among preschool children. Both multiplication and additive interactions were observed between levels of low sleep duration and animal dietary pattern with overweight/obesity(OR=1. 23, 95%CI 1. 16-1. 32). Multiplication interaction was observed between lower sleep time and the snack dietary pattern(OR=1. 16, 95%CI 1. 09-1. 24), with RERI, AP and SI was 0. 38, 0. 20 and 1. 24, respectively. However, neither multiplication interaction or additive interaction was noticed between sleep duration and the traditional dietary pattern, the calcium dietary pattern with OR=0. 76(95%CI 0. 51-1. 11) vs. OR=1. 04(95%CI 0. 65-1. 73), respectively.

CONCLUSION

Levels of low sleep duration presented a risk factor for overweight/obesity in preschool children. Both multiplication and additive interactions were observed between low sleep time and the animal dietary pattern. Multiplication interaction was noticed between children's sleep duration and the snack dietary pattern.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233030, China.Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Longzihu District, Bengbu 233000, China.Department of Preventive Medicine, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233030, China.Department of Preventive Medicine, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233030, China.Department of Preventive Medicine, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233030, China.Department of Preventive Medicine, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233030, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

33413761

Citation

Shu, Li, et al. "[Potential Interaction Effect On Obesity Between Sleep Duration and Dietary Patterns in Preschool Children in Bengbu City in 2018-2019]." Wei Sheng Yan Jiu = Journal of Hygiene Research, vol. 49, no. 6, 2020, pp. 895-901.
Shu L, Zhao Y, Li X, et al. [Potential interaction effect on obesity between sleep duration and dietary patterns in preschool children in Bengbu City in 2018-2019]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2020;49(6):895-901.
Shu, L., Zhao, Y., Li, X., Qiu, M., Wu, X., & Wu, Z. (2020). [Potential interaction effect on obesity between sleep duration and dietary patterns in preschool children in Bengbu City in 2018-2019]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu = Journal of Hygiene Research, 49(6), 895-901. https://doi.org/10.19813/j.cnki.weishengyanjiu.2020.06.004
Shu L, et al. [Potential Interaction Effect On Obesity Between Sleep Duration and Dietary Patterns in Preschool Children in Bengbu City in 2018-2019]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2020;49(6):895-901. PubMed PMID: 33413761.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Potential interaction effect on obesity between sleep duration and dietary patterns in preschool children in Bengbu City in 2018-2019]. AU - Shu,Li, AU - Zhao,Yingying, AU - Li,Xiaolu, AU - Qiu,Mengting, AU - Wu,Xuan, AU - Wu,Zhiping, PY - 2021/1/8/entrez PY - 2021/1/9/pubmed PY - 2021/1/12/medline KW - child KW - dietary patterns KW - obesity KW - preschool KW - sleep SP - 895 EP - 901 JF - Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research JO - Wei Sheng Yan Jiu VL - 49 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the interaction effect between sleep duration and dietary patterns on obesity, in order to explore the possible risk factors for preschool children's obesity. METHODS: During September of 2018 to March of 2019(1148 boys and 981 girls, 1199 living in urban and 930 living in rural, 756 only child and 1373 not only child), a total of 2129 preschool children used two-stage cluster sampling method from 22 kindergartens aged 3-6 years old were investigated. Social-demographic information(included sex, age, only child or not, left-behind children or not, economic status of family, parents 'cultural level and caregivers' information), sleep duration and dietary intake were collected through "Sleep Duration and Physical Development Questionnaire(SDPDQ) of children aged 3-6 years old in Bengbu city". Factor analysis was applied to determine major dietary patterns, unconditional Logistic regression was used to analyze the multiplication interaction effect between sleep duration and dietary patterns on obesity. RESULTS: Four dietary patterns-"traditional", "animal", "calcium" and "snack" were identified in our study by principal component analysis. The factor contribution rate of the four dietary patterns was 16. 568%, 11. 462%, 7. 317% and 4. 562%, respectively, the total variance was 39. 909%. Among the preschool children, the prevalence of overweight and obesity were 18. 0%(n=383) and 10. 5%(n=223), respectively. After controlling the confounding factors, the shorter sleep duration(OR=1. 25, 95%CI 1. 07-1. 72), scores in the top quintile of "animal" pattern(OR=1. 32, 95%CI 1. 15-1. 54) and "snack" pattern(OR=1. 46, 95%CI 1. 16-1. 78) showed greater odds with the prevalence of overweight/obesity among preschool children. Both multiplication and additive interactions were observed between levels of low sleep duration and animal dietary pattern with overweight/obesity(OR=1. 23, 95%CI 1. 16-1. 32). Multiplication interaction was observed between lower sleep time and the snack dietary pattern(OR=1. 16, 95%CI 1. 09-1. 24), with RERI, AP and SI was 0. 38, 0. 20 and 1. 24, respectively. However, neither multiplication interaction or additive interaction was noticed between sleep duration and the traditional dietary pattern, the calcium dietary pattern with OR=0. 76(95%CI 0. 51-1. 11) vs. OR=1. 04(95%CI 0. 65-1. 73), respectively. CONCLUSION: Levels of low sleep duration presented a risk factor for overweight/obesity in preschool children. Both multiplication and additive interactions were observed between low sleep time and the animal dietary pattern. Multiplication interaction was noticed between children's sleep duration and the snack dietary pattern. SN - 1000-8020 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33413761/[Potential_interaction_effect_on_obesity_between_sleep_duration_and_dietary_patterns_in_preschool_children_in_Bengbu_City_in_2018_2019]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9028 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -