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Changes in Alcohol Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact of the Lockdown Conditions and Mental Health Factors.
Int J Ment Health Addict. 2021 Jan 04 [Online ahead of print]IJ

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to governments taking a number of restrictive measures. Confinement at home during the COVID-19 crisis could have major implications on mental health and alcohol use behaviors among the whole population. The present study focuses on the role of individual characteristics, contextual factors, and mental health variables on alcohol consumption. A sample of 2871 adults (79% women) were recruited from the general population through an online self-report questionnaire. Sociodemographic data, lockdown conditions, occupational/physical activity, proximity of contamination, mental health (anxiety, depression, and intolerance of uncertainty), and alcohol consumption (frequency, quantity, and changes) have been assessed. Among participants, 49.1% of the population reported stable alcohol consumption, 24.5% reported a decreased in alcohol consumption since the beginning of the lockdown and 26.4% reported an increase in consumption. Our findings indicate that those individuals who increased their alcohol consumption during the lockdown are often older, working from home, more likely to have children, higher educated, and consume alcohol more frequently and in higher quantities. They also have a greater proximity to contamination and higher levels of anxiety and depression. Our results are discussed in terms of preventive implications.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Psychologie Clinique de la Délinquance, Unité de Recherche Adaptation, Résilience et Changement (ARCh), Faculté de Psychologie, Logopédie et Sciences de l'Education (FPLSE), Université de Liège, Liège, Belgium.Psychologie Clinique de la Délinquance, Unité de Recherche Adaptation, Résilience et Changement (ARCh), Faculté de Psychologie, Logopédie et Sciences de l'Education (FPLSE), Université de Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33424513

Citation

Schmits, E, and F Glowacz. "Changes in Alcohol Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact of the Lockdown Conditions and Mental Health Factors." International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 2021, pp. 1-12.
Schmits E, Glowacz F. Changes in Alcohol Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact of the Lockdown Conditions and Mental Health Factors. Int J Ment Health Addict. 2021.
Schmits, E., & Glowacz, F. (2021). Changes in Alcohol Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact of the Lockdown Conditions and Mental Health Factors. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00432-8
Schmits E, Glowacz F. Changes in Alcohol Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact of the Lockdown Conditions and Mental Health Factors. Int J Ment Health Addict. 2021 Jan 4;1-12. PubMed PMID: 33424513.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in Alcohol Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact of the Lockdown Conditions and Mental Health Factors. AU - Schmits,E, AU - Glowacz,F, Y1 - 2021/01/04/ PY - 2020/11/11/accepted PY - 2021/1/11/entrez PY - 2021/1/12/pubmed PY - 2021/1/12/medline KW - Alcohol KW - Anxiety KW - Depression KW - Homeworking KW - Lockdown SP - 1 EP - 12 JF - International journal of mental health and addiction JO - Int J Ment Health Addict N2 - The COVID-19 pandemic has led to governments taking a number of restrictive measures. Confinement at home during the COVID-19 crisis could have major implications on mental health and alcohol use behaviors among the whole population. The present study focuses on the role of individual characteristics, contextual factors, and mental health variables on alcohol consumption. A sample of 2871 adults (79% women) were recruited from the general population through an online self-report questionnaire. Sociodemographic data, lockdown conditions, occupational/physical activity, proximity of contamination, mental health (anxiety, depression, and intolerance of uncertainty), and alcohol consumption (frequency, quantity, and changes) have been assessed. Among participants, 49.1% of the population reported stable alcohol consumption, 24.5% reported a decreased in alcohol consumption since the beginning of the lockdown and 26.4% reported an increase in consumption. Our findings indicate that those individuals who increased their alcohol consumption during the lockdown are often older, working from home, more likely to have children, higher educated, and consume alcohol more frequently and in higher quantities. They also have a greater proximity to contamination and higher levels of anxiety and depression. Our results are discussed in terms of preventive implications. SN - 1557-1874 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33424513/Changes_in_Alcohol_Use_During_the_COVID_19_Pandemic:_Impact_of_the_Lockdown_Conditions_and_Mental_Health_Factors_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/33424513/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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