Effects of elevated CO2 on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Robinia pseudoacacia L. grown in cadmium-contaminated soils.Sci Total Environ. 2021 May 10; 768:144453.ST
As symbionts capable of reciprocal rewards, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can alleviate heavy metal toxicity to host plants and are easily influenced by elevated CO2 (ECO2). Although the individual effects of ECO2 and cadmium (Cd) on AMF have been widely reported, the response of AMF to ECO2 + Cd receives little attention. We evaluated the combined effects of ECO2 and Cd on AMF in the rhizosphere soil and roots of Robinia pseudoacacia L. seedlings. Under ECO2 + Cd relative to Cd, AMF gene copies and richness in rhizosphere soils increased (p < 0.05) and the diversity reduced (p < 0.05) at 4.5 mg Cd kg-1 dry soil; whereas root AMF abundance at 4.5 mg Cd kg-1 dry soil and the diversity and richness reduced (p < 0.05). Elevated CO2 caused obvious differences in the dominant genera abundance between rhizosphere soils and roots upon Cd exposure. Responses of C, water-soluble organic nitrogen (WSON), pH, and diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA)-Cd in rhizosphere soils and root N to ECO2 shaped dominant genera in Cd-polluted rhizosphere soils. Levels of DTPA-Cd, WSON, C and pH in rhizosphere soils and C/N ratio, N, and Cd in roots to ECO2 affected (p < 0.05) dominant genera in roots under Cd exposure. AMF richness and diversity were lower in roots than in rhizosphere soils. Elevated CO2 altered AMF communities in rhizosphere soils and roots of R. pseudoacacia seedlings exposed to Cd. AMF associated with R. pseudoacacia may be useful/interesting to be used for improving the phytoremediation of Cd under ECO2.