Mycoplasma-Induced Rash and Mucositis or Steven-Johnson Syndrome.Indian J Pediatr. 2021 08; 88(8):802-804.IJ
Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis (MIRM), has been recently distinguished as an entity distinct from the spectrum of Steven-Johnson syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). It is characterized by a younger age of onset, predominant mucosal lesions and sparse skin involvement, in contrast to widespread cutaneous lesions in TEN/SJS. While therapy with azithromycin and a short course of corticosteroids suffices in the majority of cases, intravenous immunoglobulin and cyclosporine may be useful in refractory cases. The authors report a 6-y-old girl with mucopurulent conjunctivitis, hemorrhagic oral mucosal crusting, maculopapular skin rash, and positive serology for Mycoplasma pneumoniae. The girl recovered following therapy with azithromycin and oral prednisolone. The index case is instructive in highlighting a rare complication of a common infection, and delineates the importance of clinical suspicion and a systematic approach to evaluation and management of MIRM in patients with unusual mucosal lesions and skin rash.