Variation of rhizosphere microbial community in continuous mono-maize seed production.Sci Rep. 2021 01 15; 11(1):1544.SR
Soil microbe is crucial to a healthy soil, therefore its diversities and abundances under different conditions are still need fully understand.The aims of the study were to characterize the community structure and diversity of microbe in the rhizosphere soil after continuous maize seed production, and the relationship between the disease incidence of four diseases and the variation of the rhizosphere microbe. The results showed that different fungal and bacterial species were predominant in different cropping year, and long-term maize seed production had a huge impact on structure and diversity of soil microbial. Ascomycota and Mortierellomycota were the dominant fungal phyla and Mortierella and Ascomycetes represented for a large proportion of genus. A relative increase of Fusarium and Gibberella and a relative decrease of Mortierella, Chrysosporium, Podospora, and Chaetomium were observed with the increase of cropping year. Pathogenic Fusarium, Curvularia, Curvularia-lunata, Cladosporium, Gibberella-baccata, and Plectosphaerellaceae were over-presented and varied at different continuous cropping year, led to different maize disease incidence. Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria ranked in the top two of all bacterial phyla, and genus Pseudarthrobacter, Roseiflexus and RB41 dominated top 3. Haliangium and Streptomyces decreased with the continuous cropping year and mono-cropping of maize seed production increased disease incidence with the increase of cropping year, while the major disease was different. Continuous cropping of maize seed production induced the decrease of protective microbe and biocontrol genera, while pathogenic pathogen increased, and maize are in danger of pathogen invasion. Field management show great effects on soil microbial community.