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The detection of SARS-CoV-2 in outpatient clinics and public facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic.
J Med Virol. 2021 05; 93(5):2955-2961.JM

Abstract

The transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can occur through an airborne route, in addition to contaminated surfaces and objects. In hospitals, it has been confirmed by several studies that SARS-CoV-2 can contaminate surfaces and medical equipment especially in hospitals dedicated to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. The aim of this study was to detect the contamination of hands, objects, and surfaces in isolation rooms and also in outpatients' clinics in hospitals and polyclinics. Environmental contamination of public high-touch surfaces in public facilities was also investigated during an active COVID-19 pandemic. Random swabs were also taken from public shops, pharmacies, bakeries, groceries, banknotes, and automated teller machines (ATMs). Samples were analyzed for SARS-CoV-2 positivity using real-time polymerase chain reaction. In the COVID-19 regional reference hospital, only 3 out of 20 samples were positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Hand swabs from SARS-CoV-2-positive patients in isolation rooms were occasionally positive for viral RNA. In outpatients' clinics, door handles were the most contaminated surfaces. Dental chairs, sinks, keyboards, ophthalmoscopes, and laboratory equipment were also contaminated. Although no positive swabs were found in shops and public facilities, random ATM swabs returned a positive result for SARS-CoV-2. Although there is no longer a focus on COVID-19 wards and isolation hospitals, more attention is required to decontaminate frequently touched surfaces in health-care facilities used by patients not diagnosed with COVID-19. Additionally, high-touch public surfaces such as ATMs require further disinfection procedures to limit the transmission of the infection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Ohud Hospital, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Department of Pharmacy, Ohud Hospital, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Infection Control Unit, Ohud Hospital, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Dental Specialized Center, Ohud Hospital, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Medical Laboratory, Ohud Hospital, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33501700

Citation

Elbadawy, Hossein M., et al. "The Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Outpatient Clinics and Public Facilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic." Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 93, no. 5, 2021, pp. 2955-2961.
Elbadawy HM, Khattab A, Alalawi A, et al. The detection of SARS-CoV-2 in outpatient clinics and public facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Med Virol. 2021;93(5):2955-2961.
Elbadawy, H. M., Khattab, A., Alalawi, A., Dakilallah Aljohani, F., Sundogji, H., Mahmoud, A. S., Abouzied, M., Eltahir, H. M., Alahmadey, Z., Bahashwan, S., & Suliman, B. A. (2021). The detection of SARS-CoV-2 in outpatient clinics and public facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Medical Virology, 93(5), 2955-2961. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26819
Elbadawy HM, et al. The Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Outpatient Clinics and Public Facilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Med Virol. 2021;93(5):2955-2961. PubMed PMID: 33501700.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The detection of SARS-CoV-2 in outpatient clinics and public facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. AU - Elbadawy,Hossein M, AU - Khattab,Amin, AU - Alalawi,Ali, AU - Dakilallah Aljohani,Fahad, AU - Sundogji,Hamza, AU - Mahmoud,Ameira S, AU - Abouzied,Meky, AU - Eltahir,Heba M, AU - Alahmadey,Ziab, AU - Bahashwan,Saleh, AU - Suliman,Bandar A, Y1 - 2021/02/10/ PY - 2021/01/12/revised PY - 2020/12/29/received PY - 2021/01/18/accepted PY - 2021/1/28/pubmed PY - 2021/5/4/medline PY - 2021/1/27/entrez KW - ATM KW - COVID-19 KW - SARS-CoV-2 KW - outpatient KW - surfaces SP - 2955 EP - 2961 JF - Journal of medical virology JO - J Med Virol VL - 93 IS - 5 N2 - The transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can occur through an airborne route, in addition to contaminated surfaces and objects. In hospitals, it has been confirmed by several studies that SARS-CoV-2 can contaminate surfaces and medical equipment especially in hospitals dedicated to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. The aim of this study was to detect the contamination of hands, objects, and surfaces in isolation rooms and also in outpatients' clinics in hospitals and polyclinics. Environmental contamination of public high-touch surfaces in public facilities was also investigated during an active COVID-19 pandemic. Random swabs were also taken from public shops, pharmacies, bakeries, groceries, banknotes, and automated teller machines (ATMs). Samples were analyzed for SARS-CoV-2 positivity using real-time polymerase chain reaction. In the COVID-19 regional reference hospital, only 3 out of 20 samples were positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Hand swabs from SARS-CoV-2-positive patients in isolation rooms were occasionally positive for viral RNA. In outpatients' clinics, door handles were the most contaminated surfaces. Dental chairs, sinks, keyboards, ophthalmoscopes, and laboratory equipment were also contaminated. Although no positive swabs were found in shops and public facilities, random ATM swabs returned a positive result for SARS-CoV-2. Although there is no longer a focus on COVID-19 wards and isolation hospitals, more attention is required to decontaminate frequently touched surfaces in health-care facilities used by patients not diagnosed with COVID-19. Additionally, high-touch public surfaces such as ATMs require further disinfection procedures to limit the transmission of the infection. SN - 1096-9071 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33501700/The_detection_of_SARS_CoV_2_in_outpatient_clinics_and_public_facilities_during_the_COVID_19_pandemic_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26819 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -