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Prevalence and correlates of chronic fatigue syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder after the outbreak of the COVID-19.
J Neurovirol. 2021 02; 27(1):154-159.JN

Abstract

As the SARS-COV-2 becomes a global pandemic, many researchers have a concern about the long COVID-19 complications. Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a persistent, debilitating, and unexplained fatigue disorder. We investigated psychological morbidities such as CFS and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among survivors of COVID-19 over 6 months. All COVID-19 survivors from the university-affiliated hospital of Tehran, Iran, were assessed 6 months after infection onset by a previously validated questionnaire based on the Fukuda guidelines for CFS/EM and DSM-5 Checklist for PTSD (The Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DSM-5 or PCL-5) to determine the presence of stress disorder and chronic fatigue problems. A total of 120 patients were enrolled. The prevalence rate of fatigue symptoms was 17.5%. Twelve (10%) screened positive for chronic idiopathic fatigue (CIF), 6 (5%) for CFS-like with insufficient fatigue syndrome (CFSWIFS), and 3 (2.5%) for CFS. The mean total scores in PCL-5 were 9.27 ± 10.76 (range:0-44), and the prevalence rate of PTSD was 5.8%. There was no significant association after adjusting between CFS and PTSD, gender, comorbidities, and chloroquine phosphate administration. The obtained data revealed the prevalence of CFS among patients with COVID-19, which is almost similar to CFS prevalence in the general population. Moreover, PTSD in patients with COVID-19 is not associated with the increased risk of CFS. Our study suggested that medical institutions should pay attention to the psychological consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Skull Base Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Skull Base Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. drramezani23@gmail.com.Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Skull Base Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Skull Base Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Skull Base Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Brain Mapping Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33528827

Citation

Simani, Leila, et al. "Prevalence and Correlates of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After the Outbreak of the COVID-19." Journal of Neurovirology, vol. 27, no. 1, 2021, pp. 154-159.
Simani L, Ramezani M, Darazam IA, et al. Prevalence and correlates of chronic fatigue syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder after the outbreak of the COVID-19. J Neurovirol. 2021;27(1):154-159.
Simani, L., Ramezani, M., Darazam, I. A., Sagharichi, M., Aalipour, M. A., Ghorbani, F., & Pakdaman, H. (2021). Prevalence and correlates of chronic fatigue syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder after the outbreak of the COVID-19. Journal of Neurovirology, 27(1), 154-159. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13365-021-00949-1
Simani L, et al. Prevalence and Correlates of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After the Outbreak of the COVID-19. J Neurovirol. 2021;27(1):154-159. PubMed PMID: 33528827.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and correlates of chronic fatigue syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder after the outbreak of the COVID-19. AU - Simani,Leila, AU - Ramezani,Mahtab, AU - Darazam,Ilad Alavi, AU - Sagharichi,Mastooreh, AU - Aalipour,Mohammad Amin, AU - Ghorbani,Fatemeh, AU - Pakdaman,Hossein, Y1 - 2021/02/02/ PY - 2020/10/20/received PY - 2021/01/14/accepted PY - 2020/12/18/revised PY - 2021/2/3/pubmed PY - 2021/3/13/medline PY - 2021/2/2/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - Chronic fatigue syndrome / myalgic encephalomyelitis KW - Post-COVID morbidities KW - Post-traumatic stress disorder SP - 154 EP - 159 JF - Journal of neurovirology JO - J Neurovirol VL - 27 IS - 1 N2 - As the SARS-COV-2 becomes a global pandemic, many researchers have a concern about the long COVID-19 complications. Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a persistent, debilitating, and unexplained fatigue disorder. We investigated psychological morbidities such as CFS and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among survivors of COVID-19 over 6 months. All COVID-19 survivors from the university-affiliated hospital of Tehran, Iran, were assessed 6 months after infection onset by a previously validated questionnaire based on the Fukuda guidelines for CFS/EM and DSM-5 Checklist for PTSD (The Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DSM-5 or PCL-5) to determine the presence of stress disorder and chronic fatigue problems. A total of 120 patients were enrolled. The prevalence rate of fatigue symptoms was 17.5%. Twelve (10%) screened positive for chronic idiopathic fatigue (CIF), 6 (5%) for CFS-like with insufficient fatigue syndrome (CFSWIFS), and 3 (2.5%) for CFS. The mean total scores in PCL-5 were 9.27 ± 10.76 (range:0-44), and the prevalence rate of PTSD was 5.8%. There was no significant association after adjusting between CFS and PTSD, gender, comorbidities, and chloroquine phosphate administration. The obtained data revealed the prevalence of CFS among patients with COVID-19, which is almost similar to CFS prevalence in the general population. Moreover, PTSD in patients with COVID-19 is not associated with the increased risk of CFS. Our study suggested that medical institutions should pay attention to the psychological consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak. SN - 1538-2443 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33528827/Prevalence_and_correlates_of_chronic_fatigue_syndrome_and_post-traumatic_stress_disorder_after_the_outbreak_of_the_COVID-19. L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13365-021-00949-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -