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Toxicity studies of abrasive blasting agents administered by inhalation to F344/NTac rats and Sprague Dawley (Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD) Rats.
Toxic Rep Ser. 2020 JulTR

Abstract

Abrasive blasting, commonly known as sandblasting, involves forcibly projecting a stream of abrasive particles through compressed air or steam against a surface to change its quality or to remove contaminants. Silica blasting sand contains high levels of crystalline silica--which can cause pulmonary fibrosis (silicosis) after exposure through inhalation and is considered a lung carcinogen--and constitutes approximately 63% of all abrasives used in abrasive blasting. Other abrasives, including specular hematite, are recommended as alternative blasting agents. Due to the health risks associated with using blasting sand in the abrasive blasting process and the lack of toxicity data on alternatives to blasting sand, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) proposed testing blasting sand and alternative abrasives to characterize their associated toxicity. (Abstract Abridged).

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33529179

Citation

National Toxicology Program. "Toxicity Studies of Abrasive Blasting Agents Administered By Inhalation to F344/NTac Rats and Sprague Dawley (Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD) Rats." Toxicity Report Series, 2020.
National Toxicology Program. Toxicity studies of abrasive blasting agents administered by inhalation to F344/NTac rats and Sprague Dawley (Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD) Rats. Toxic Rep Ser. 2020.
National Toxicology Program. (2020). Toxicity studies of abrasive blasting agents administered by inhalation to F344/NTac rats and Sprague Dawley (Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD) Rats. Toxicity Report Series, (91). https://doi.org/10.22427/NTP-TOX-91
National Toxicology Program. Toxicity Studies of Abrasive Blasting Agents Administered By Inhalation to F344/NTac Rats and Sprague Dawley (Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD) Rats. Toxic Rep Ser. 2020;(91) PubMed PMID: 33529179.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Toxicity studies of abrasive blasting agents administered by inhalation to F344/NTac rats and Sprague Dawley (Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD) Rats. A1 - ,, PY - 2021/2/2/entrez PY - 2021/2/3/pubmed PY - 2021/10/16/medline JF - Toxicity report series JO - Toxic Rep Ser IS - 91 N2 - Abrasive blasting, commonly known as sandblasting, involves forcibly projecting a stream of abrasive particles through compressed air or steam against a surface to change its quality or to remove contaminants. Silica blasting sand contains high levels of crystalline silica--which can cause pulmonary fibrosis (silicosis) after exposure through inhalation and is considered a lung carcinogen--and constitutes approximately 63% of all abrasives used in abrasive blasting. Other abrasives, including specular hematite, are recommended as alternative blasting agents. Due to the health risks associated with using blasting sand in the abrasive blasting process and the lack of toxicity data on alternatives to blasting sand, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) proposed testing blasting sand and alternative abrasives to characterize their associated toxicity. (Abstract Abridged). SN - 1521-4621 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33529179/Toxicity_studies_of_abrasive_blasting_agents_administered_by_inhalation_to_F344/NTac_rats_and_Sprague_Dawley__Hsd:Sprague_Dawley_SD__Rats_ L2 - https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/tox091abs DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -