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Dental caries and depression in pregnant women: The role of oral health self-perception as mediator.
Oral Dis. 2022 Sep; 28(6):1733-1740.OD

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study investigated the role of oral health self-perception as mediator of association between dental caries and depression among pregnant women from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study, Brazil.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Overall, 2,496 pregnant women participated of this oral health sub-study. Data related to demographic and socioeconomic conditions, lifetime and current depression, and oral health self-perception were collected. Participants were also assessed for dental caries (DMF-T index). Depression was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. For analysis, six outcomes related to dental caries experience were considered. Causal mediation analysis was performed using parametric regression models.

RESULTS

When it was assumed that all subjects had poor perception about oral health, it was observed that the presence of moderate/severe depressive signals and symptoms was higher in subjects with dental caries experience (OR 1.13; CI 95% 1.06-1.20), with severity of untreated dental caries (OR 2.08; CI 95% 1.16-3.78), untreated dental caries (OR 1.18; 95% CI 1.07-1.29), tooth loss (OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.02-1.14), and filled tooth (OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.02-1.16).

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings show the effect of dental caries on depression is mediated by self-perception about oral health in pregnant women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Post-Graduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.Post-Graduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil. Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.Post-Graduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33529472

Citation

Cademartori, Mariana G., et al. "Dental Caries and Depression in Pregnant Women: the Role of Oral Health Self-perception as Mediator." Oral Diseases, vol. 28, no. 6, 2022, pp. 1733-1740.
Cademartori MG, Demarco FF, Freitas da Silveira M, et al. Dental caries and depression in pregnant women: The role of oral health self-perception as mediator. Oral Dis. 2022;28(6):1733-1740.
Cademartori, M. G., Demarco, F. F., Freitas da Silveira, M., Barros, F. C., & Corrêa, M. B. (2022). Dental caries and depression in pregnant women: The role of oral health self-perception as mediator. Oral Diseases, 28(6), 1733-1740. https://doi.org/10.1111/odi.13789
Cademartori MG, et al. Dental Caries and Depression in Pregnant Women: the Role of Oral Health Self-perception as Mediator. Oral Dis. 2022;28(6):1733-1740. PubMed PMID: 33529472.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dental caries and depression in pregnant women: The role of oral health self-perception as mediator. AU - Cademartori,Mariana G, AU - Demarco,Flavio F, AU - Freitas da Silveira,Mariangela, AU - Barros,Fernando C, AU - Corrêa,Marcos B, Y1 - 2021/02/16/ PY - 2021/01/16/revised PY - 2020/10/24/received PY - 2021/01/24/accepted PY - 2021/2/3/pubmed PY - 2022/8/12/medline PY - 2021/2/2/entrez KW - cohort studies KW - dental caries KW - depression KW - epidemiologic research design KW - epidemiology KW - pregnant women KW - self concept KW - self perception SP - 1733 EP - 1740 JF - Oral diseases JO - Oral Dis VL - 28 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the role of oral health self-perception as mediator of association between dental caries and depression among pregnant women from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 2,496 pregnant women participated of this oral health sub-study. Data related to demographic and socioeconomic conditions, lifetime and current depression, and oral health self-perception were collected. Participants were also assessed for dental caries (DMF-T index). Depression was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. For analysis, six outcomes related to dental caries experience were considered. Causal mediation analysis was performed using parametric regression models. RESULTS: When it was assumed that all subjects had poor perception about oral health, it was observed that the presence of moderate/severe depressive signals and symptoms was higher in subjects with dental caries experience (OR 1.13; CI 95% 1.06-1.20), with severity of untreated dental caries (OR 2.08; CI 95% 1.16-3.78), untreated dental caries (OR 1.18; 95% CI 1.07-1.29), tooth loss (OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.02-1.14), and filled tooth (OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.02-1.16). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show the effect of dental caries on depression is mediated by self-perception about oral health in pregnant women. SN - 1601-0825 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33529472/Dental_caries_and_depression_in_pregnant_women:_The_role_of_oral_health_self_perception_as_mediator_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -