Comparison of antioxidant activities of selected phenolic compounds in O/W emulsions and bulk oil.Food Chem. 2021 Jul 01; 349:129037.FC
Antioxidant activities of 1-o-galloylglycerol (GG), propyl gallate, rosmarinic acid (RA), tocopherols (TOC), and 1:1 combinations of GG/RA and GG/TOC were evaluated using in vitro assays including 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS+), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Soybean oil stripped of TOC was utilized as bulk oil and as the oil phase in O/W emulsions for accelerated oxidation test with the selected phenolic compounds. Efficacies of antioxidants were evaluated by monitoring total oxidation (TOTOX) values and fatty acid profiles of oil and O/W samples during the accelerated oxidation. In bulk oil, GG outperformed other singular antioxidants, preventing 39.04% of oxidation for ω-3 fatty acids with a TOTOX value of 166.68. In emulsions, TOC outperformed other singular antioxidants, preventing 38.04% of oxidation with a TOTOX value of 196.72. Considering the polarities of the antioxidants and our testing systems, these results provide supporting evidence for the polar paradox theory.