Promotion of Zinc Tolerance, Acquisition and Translocation of Phosphorus in Mimosa pudica L. Mediated by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi.Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2021 Mar; 106(3):507-515.BE
Heavy metal contamination of soil is of increasing concern because of its potential risk to human health. In this study, two AMFs (Rhizophagus intraradices and Funneliformis mosseae) substantially increased the biomass of bashfulgrass in Zn-contaminated soil, even at Zn levels of up to 600 mg kg-1. Zn uptake in R. intraradices- and F. mosseae-mycorrhizal bashfulgrass was increased by 40-fold and 7-fold, respectively, when plants grown in Zn-contaminated (400 mg kg-1) soil. Elemental analysis showed that neither AMF had an effect on Zn concentration in plant tissues, including the roots and shoots. However, a significant increase of phosphorus (P) concentration was observed, suggesting the increased is from the improved use efficiency of soil nutrients by AMFs. Comparing the two AMFs, better growth performance with more biomass occurred with R. intraradices-inoculated bashfulgrass in Zn-contaminated soil. This is consistent with R. intraradices being more tolerant to Zn than F. mosseae, indicated by a higher colonization percentage in bashfulgrass roots. Taken together, our data indicate that AMFs possibly improve acquisition and translocation of P to promote increased biomass. Moreover, mycorrhiza did not enhance Zn accumulation in shoots and roots of bashfulgrass at the same Zn level. In the future, developing AMF (especially R. intraradices) inoculation of plants might be a desirable means of safe production of ornamental plants in metal-polluted soil.