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Individualized ergonomic wellness approach for the practicing gastroenterologist (with video).
Gastrointest Endosc. 2021 08; 94(2):248-259.e2.GE

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS

The prevalence and burden of ergonomic-related musculoskeletal injury are well established in the literature, but data are scarce on techniques that can be used to avoid injury. This pilot study aimed to develop a new method of endoscopist wellness assessment. The technique presented here is an intervention by a physical therapist assessing ergonomic position and posturing during endoscopy to create an individualized wellness plan.

METHODS

Volunteer endoscopists were identified in a single ambulatory surgical center. Demographics, previous injury, current pain, and posture were evaluated. A comprehensive assessment was developed by the physical therapist while observing endoscopists performing at least 2 colonoscopies and while working at their computer workspace. The detailed personalized wellness program included recommendations for individualized exercises, static and dynamic posture re-education during and between procedures, optimization of procedure suite setup, pain education, and an opportunity for follow-up 1-on-1 sessions with the physical therapist. Endoscopists were later interviewed regarding their perception of and compliance with the wellness plan. Specific outcomes evaluated included changes in musculoskeletal pain, acceptance, and incorporation of wellness recommendations and procedure suite alterations into clinical practice.

RESULTS

As we developed this new method of endoscopic wellness assessment, 8 endoscopists representing a wide range of ages and clinical experience were assessed. Twenty-two pain sites were identified among 5 subjects, with back and neck pain the most common pain sites. A variety of ergonomic inefficiencies and suboptimal movement patterns was observed, resulting in highly variant wellness plans. By the end of the study, 63% of pain sites were reduced in intensity or resolved, whereas 32% of pain sites were unchanged and 4% increased in intensity. Seven of 8 participants found the pictures depicting their posture that supported their movement analysis helpful, and 3 participants requested reassessment by the physical therapist. All participants reported static and dynamic postural education and procedure suite setup recommendations to be impactful to their ergonomic performance.

CONCLUSIONS

Ergonomic assessment and instruction by a physical therapist was well received and resulted in improvement of musculoskeletal complaints among a cohort of endoscopists reporting baseline pain associated with performing endoscopy. In addition, this intervention provided ergonomic education that can be carried forward throughout their professional endoscopic career. We believe that ongoing individualized assessment and optimization of ergonomics is necessary because generalized wellness programs or even modifications to endoscopic equipment would not target all the unique ergonomic challenges faced by each physician. Ergonomic programs using the new method presented here could potentially contribute to career longevity, decrease burnout, reduce lost days of work, and, most importantly, reduce pain and fatigue among practitioners.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Stacy Markwell Physical Therapy, LLC, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Video-Audio Media

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33561486

Citation

Markwell, Stacy A., et al. "Individualized Ergonomic Wellness Approach for the Practicing Gastroenterologist (with Video)." Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 94, no. 2, 2021, pp. 248-259.e2.
Markwell SA, Garman KS, Vance IL, et al. Individualized ergonomic wellness approach for the practicing gastroenterologist (with video). Gastrointest Endosc. 2021;94(2):248-259.e2.
Markwell, S. A., Garman, K. S., Vance, I. L., Patel, A., & Teitelman, M. (2021). Individualized ergonomic wellness approach for the practicing gastroenterologist (with video). Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 94(2), 248-e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2021.01.045
Markwell SA, et al. Individualized Ergonomic Wellness Approach for the Practicing Gastroenterologist (with Video). Gastrointest Endosc. 2021;94(2):248-259.e2. PubMed PMID: 33561486.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Individualized ergonomic wellness approach for the practicing gastroenterologist (with video). AU - Markwell,Stacy A, AU - Garman,Katherine S, AU - Vance,Iris L, AU - Patel,Ami, AU - Teitelman,Melissa, Y1 - 2021/02/06/ PY - 2020/10/05/received PY - 2021/01/30/accepted PY - 2021/2/10/pubmed PY - 2021/8/11/medline PY - 2021/2/9/entrez SP - 248 EP - 259.e2 JF - Gastrointestinal endoscopy JO - Gastrointest Endosc VL - 94 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and burden of ergonomic-related musculoskeletal injury are well established in the literature, but data are scarce on techniques that can be used to avoid injury. This pilot study aimed to develop a new method of endoscopist wellness assessment. The technique presented here is an intervention by a physical therapist assessing ergonomic position and posturing during endoscopy to create an individualized wellness plan. METHODS: Volunteer endoscopists were identified in a single ambulatory surgical center. Demographics, previous injury, current pain, and posture were evaluated. A comprehensive assessment was developed by the physical therapist while observing endoscopists performing at least 2 colonoscopies and while working at their computer workspace. The detailed personalized wellness program included recommendations for individualized exercises, static and dynamic posture re-education during and between procedures, optimization of procedure suite setup, pain education, and an opportunity for follow-up 1-on-1 sessions with the physical therapist. Endoscopists were later interviewed regarding their perception of and compliance with the wellness plan. Specific outcomes evaluated included changes in musculoskeletal pain, acceptance, and incorporation of wellness recommendations and procedure suite alterations into clinical practice. RESULTS: As we developed this new method of endoscopic wellness assessment, 8 endoscopists representing a wide range of ages and clinical experience were assessed. Twenty-two pain sites were identified among 5 subjects, with back and neck pain the most common pain sites. A variety of ergonomic inefficiencies and suboptimal movement patterns was observed, resulting in highly variant wellness plans. By the end of the study, 63% of pain sites were reduced in intensity or resolved, whereas 32% of pain sites were unchanged and 4% increased in intensity. Seven of 8 participants found the pictures depicting their posture that supported their movement analysis helpful, and 3 participants requested reassessment by the physical therapist. All participants reported static and dynamic postural education and procedure suite setup recommendations to be impactful to their ergonomic performance. CONCLUSIONS: Ergonomic assessment and instruction by a physical therapist was well received and resulted in improvement of musculoskeletal complaints among a cohort of endoscopists reporting baseline pain associated with performing endoscopy. In addition, this intervention provided ergonomic education that can be carried forward throughout their professional endoscopic career. We believe that ongoing individualized assessment and optimization of ergonomics is necessary because generalized wellness programs or even modifications to endoscopic equipment would not target all the unique ergonomic challenges faced by each physician. Ergonomic programs using the new method presented here could potentially contribute to career longevity, decrease burnout, reduce lost days of work, and, most importantly, reduce pain and fatigue among practitioners. SN - 1097-6779 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33561486/Individualized_ergonomic_wellness_approach_for_the_practicing_gastroenterologist__with_video__ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -