Tegumental glucose permeability in male and female Schistosoma mansoni.J Parasitol 1988; 74(1):116-28JP
Tegumental hexose transporters have been kinetically characterized in mated and separated male and female Schistosoma mansoni 8-12 wk postinfection. Significant gender-specific differences in Km and Vmax were observed. In mated males, the estimated constants (mean +/- SE) were: Km = 0.63 +/- 0.31 mM, Vmax = 0.93 +/- 0.44 nmol/mg worm water/min, and the Kd = 0.25 +/- 0.09 microliter/mg worm water/min. In mated females the kinetics were: Km = 0.99 +/- 0.40 mM, Vmax = 1.22 +/- 0.42 nmol/mg worm water/min, and Kd = 0.60 +/- 0.14 microliter/mg worm water/min. The influx of 2-deoxy-D-glucose and 3-O-methylglucose has been similarly characterized; these analogs share the same glucose transporter in male and female schistosomes. 2-Deoxy-D-glucose has a higher affinity, and 3-O-methylglucose a lower affinity, than does glucose. Because mated male schistosomes supply glucose to female partners, similarities between the free glucose concentration of the male and the affinity of the transporter determined for mated female schistosomes suggest that male-to-female transfer may be a potentially rate-limiting step in glucose utilization by the female. Permeability x surface are (PS) products and Vmax/Km ratios were significantly elevated in mated schistosomes, suggesting that the transporter is primarily localized to the dorsal surface of the male. Gender- and mating-specific analyses of PS products indicate that tegumental permeability to glucose is significantly increased in mated schistosomes, and compares very favorably to that of the host liver.