Remediation of trichloroethylene contaminated soil by unactivated peroxymonosulfate: Implication on selected soil characteristics.J Environ Manage. 2021 May 01; 285:112063.JE
The advanced oxidation process (AOP) based on activated Peroxymonosulfate (PMS) has been attracting many people in the field of soil and water remediation in many ways while ignoring the shortcomings. The high cost of activators, and energy input, as well as the expense to separate the catalyst and transition metal reducing agent from the treated soil, were some disadvantages of using activated PMS. Based on the above rationales of problems related to the use of activated PMS, this study aimed to study the performance of using unactivated peroxymonosulfate for the advanced oxidation process to remediate soil contaminated by trichloroethylene (TCE), and to evaluate the synergistic effect on selected soil properties after treatment. The results showed that within 45 min, a single injection of 5 mM PMS at its initial pH value can degrade 86.90% of the total TCE in the soil. However, when PMS was continuously injected, the removal rate was increased to 95.25%. The direct reaction of TCE and PMS was the main cause of degradation. PMS can degrade TCE in a wide pH range (pH 3-11), but the maximum degradation was at pH = 2.9 (the initial pH of PMS). After the treatment, the soil organic matter (SOM) was degraded significantly. In contrast, FTIR, SEM, and hydrometer tests conducted on the soil showed that the treatment had no significant effect on the functional groups and particle size distribution of the treated soil. The study on the effect of the treatment on the concentration of bioavailable heavy metals in the treated soil showed that only manganese and copper metals were significantly increased after the treatment. According to the results obtained in this study, it is more beneficial and feasible to use unactivated peroxymonosulfate in the advanced oxidation process when remediating soil contaminated by chlorinated organic matter.