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The Influence of Negative Feedback and Social Rank on Feelings of Shame and Guilt: A Vignette Study in 8- to 13-Year-Old Non-Clinical Children.
Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2022 06; 53(3):458-468.CP

Abstract

This experimental study examined the role of negative feedback and social rank in the experience of self-conscious emotions, shame and guilt, in typically developing children aged 8 to 13 years. Participants were tested by means of a vignette paradigm in which feedback and social rank were systematically manipulated and levels of shame and guilt were assessed after listening to each of the vignettes. In addition, children completed a set of questionnaires for measuring individual differences in shame and guilt proneness, social comparison, submissive behavior, and external shame. The results showed that children presented with negative feedback reported higher ratings of shame and guilt than when presented with positive feedback, implying that the provision of negative feedback has a significant impact on children's experience of self-conscious emotions. Social rank had less effect on children's report of these self-conscious emotions. Furthermore, the individual difference variables of guilt proneness, and to a lesser extent shame proneness and submissive behavior, appeared to be positively related to self-conscious emotions as reported during the vignette task.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands. eline.hendriks@maastrichtuniversity.nl.Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33616858

Citation

Hendriks, Eline, et al. "The Influence of Negative Feedback and Social Rank On Feelings of Shame and Guilt: a Vignette Study in 8- to 13-Year-Old Non-Clinical Children." Child Psychiatry and Human Development, vol. 53, no. 3, 2022, pp. 458-468.
Hendriks E, Muris P, Meesters C. The Influence of Negative Feedback and Social Rank on Feelings of Shame and Guilt: A Vignette Study in 8- to 13-Year-Old Non-Clinical Children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2022;53(3):458-468.
Hendriks, E., Muris, P., & Meesters, C. (2022). The Influence of Negative Feedback and Social Rank on Feelings of Shame and Guilt: A Vignette Study in 8- to 13-Year-Old Non-Clinical Children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 53(3), 458-468. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01143-4
Hendriks E, Muris P, Meesters C. The Influence of Negative Feedback and Social Rank On Feelings of Shame and Guilt: a Vignette Study in 8- to 13-Year-Old Non-Clinical Children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2022;53(3):458-468. PubMed PMID: 33616858.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Influence of Negative Feedback and Social Rank on Feelings of Shame and Guilt: A Vignette Study in 8- to 13-Year-Old Non-Clinical Children. AU - Hendriks,Eline, AU - Muris,Peter, AU - Meesters,Cor, Y1 - 2021/02/22/ PY - 2021/02/08/accepted PY - 2021/2/23/pubmed PY - 2022/5/18/medline PY - 2021/2/22/entrez KW - Children KW - Negative feedback KW - Self-conscious emotions KW - Shame and guilt KW - Social rank SP - 458 EP - 468 JF - Child psychiatry and human development JO - Child Psychiatry Hum Dev VL - 53 IS - 3 N2 - This experimental study examined the role of negative feedback and social rank in the experience of self-conscious emotions, shame and guilt, in typically developing children aged 8 to 13 years. Participants were tested by means of a vignette paradigm in which feedback and social rank were systematically manipulated and levels of shame and guilt were assessed after listening to each of the vignettes. In addition, children completed a set of questionnaires for measuring individual differences in shame and guilt proneness, social comparison, submissive behavior, and external shame. The results showed that children presented with negative feedback reported higher ratings of shame and guilt than when presented with positive feedback, implying that the provision of negative feedback has a significant impact on children's experience of self-conscious emotions. Social rank had less effect on children's report of these self-conscious emotions. Furthermore, the individual difference variables of guilt proneness, and to a lesser extent shame proneness and submissive behavior, appeared to be positively related to self-conscious emotions as reported during the vignette task. SN - 1573-3327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33616858/The_Influence_of_Negative_Feedback_and_Social_Rank_on_Feelings_of_Shame_and_Guilt:_A_Vignette_Study_in_8__to_13_Year_Old_Non_Clinical_Children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01143-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -