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The Roles of Shame and Guilt in the Development of Aggression in Adolescents With and Without Hearing Loss.
Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol. 2021 07; 49(7):891-904.RC

Abstract

This longitudinal study examined how shame and guilt contribute to the development of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescents with and without hearing loss. Adolescents between 9 and 16 years old (adolescents with hearing loss (n = 80; Mage = 11.91) and without hearing loss (n = 227; Mage = 11.63)) completed self-reports on three occasions with an interval of 9 months. Mixed model analyses revealed that both reactive aggression and proactive aggression decreased with age, whereas shame and guilt peaked in early adolescence. Adolescents with hearing loss reported higher levels of proactive aggression, lower levels of shame and guilt, and showed protracted development for guilt compared to their hearing peers. In both groups, shame contributed to an increase in reactive aggression, whereas guilt contributed to a decrease in proactive aggression. These longitudinal associations highlight the unique role that shame and guilt play in the development of adolescent aggression.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Developmental Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. e.broekhof@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.Developmental Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.Developmental Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. Department of Human Media Interaction, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands. Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33625641

Citation

Broekhof, Evelien, et al. "The Roles of Shame and Guilt in the Development of Aggression in Adolescents With and Without Hearing Loss." Research On Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, vol. 49, no. 7, 2021, pp. 891-904.
Broekhof E, Bos MGN, Rieffe C. The Roles of Shame and Guilt in the Development of Aggression in Adolescents With and Without Hearing Loss. Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol. 2021;49(7):891-904.
Broekhof, E., Bos, M. G. N., & Rieffe, C. (2021). The Roles of Shame and Guilt in the Development of Aggression in Adolescents With and Without Hearing Loss. Research On Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 49(7), 891-904. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-021-00769-1
Broekhof E, Bos MGN, Rieffe C. The Roles of Shame and Guilt in the Development of Aggression in Adolescents With and Without Hearing Loss. Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol. 2021;49(7):891-904. PubMed PMID: 33625641.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Roles of Shame and Guilt in the Development of Aggression in Adolescents With and Without Hearing Loss. AU - Broekhof,Evelien, AU - Bos,Marieke G N, AU - Rieffe,Carolien, Y1 - 2021/02/24/ PY - 2021/01/13/accepted PY - 2021/2/25/pubmed PY - 2021/10/29/medline PY - 2021/2/24/entrez SP - 891 EP - 904 JF - Research on child and adolescent psychopathology JO - Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol VL - 49 IS - 7 N2 - This longitudinal study examined how shame and guilt contribute to the development of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescents with and without hearing loss. Adolescents between 9 and 16 years old (adolescents with hearing loss (n = 80; Mage = 11.91) and without hearing loss (n = 227; Mage = 11.63)) completed self-reports on three occasions with an interval of 9 months. Mixed model analyses revealed that both reactive aggression and proactive aggression decreased with age, whereas shame and guilt peaked in early adolescence. Adolescents with hearing loss reported higher levels of proactive aggression, lower levels of shame and guilt, and showed protracted development for guilt compared to their hearing peers. In both groups, shame contributed to an increase in reactive aggression, whereas guilt contributed to a decrease in proactive aggression. These longitudinal associations highlight the unique role that shame and guilt play in the development of adolescent aggression. SN - 2730-7174 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33625641/The_Roles_of_Shame_and_Guilt_in_the_Development_of_Aggression_in_Adolescents_With_and_Without_Hearing_Loss_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -