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Reduced level of physical activity during COVID-19 pandemic is associated with depression and anxiety levels: an internet-based survey.
BMC Public Health. 2021 03 01; 21(1):425.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in a strong negative impact on economic and social life worldwide. It has also negatively influenced people's general health and quality of life. The aim of the present study was to study the impact of social distancing on physical activity level, and the association between mood state (depression and anxiety level) or sex with actual physical activity levels, the change in physical activity caused by social distancing period, the adhesion level to social distancing, the adoption time of social distancing, family income and age.

METHODS

A self-administered questionnaire with personal, quarantine, physical activity, and mood state disorders information's was answered by 2140 Brazilians of both sex who were recruited through online advertising.

RESULTS

The physical activity level adopted during the period of social distancing (3.5 ± 0.8) was lower than that the adopted prior to the pandemic period (2.9 ± 1.1, p < 0.001). Thirty percent of the participants presented symptoms of moderate/severe depression and 23.3% displayed moderate/severe anxiety symptoms. A greater presence of symptoms related to anxiety and depression were associated with low physical activity levels, low family monthly income, and younger age. A higher percentage of men who had no mood disorders was observed among those who were very active than among those less active.

CONCLUSION

The COVID-19 pandemic has a negative impact on physical activity. Those who reduced their level of physical activity had the highest levels of mood disorders. Therefore, physical activity programs should be encouraged, while respecting the necessary social distancing to prevent the spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.Department of Physiology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.Department of Physiology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.Human and Exercise Physiology Division, Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.Center for Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Victoria, Brazil.School of Health and Caring Sciences, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece.Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, St. Gallen, Switzerland. Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.Divison of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.Department of Physiology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. marilia1707@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33648487

Citation

Puccinelli, Paulo José, et al. "Reduced Level of Physical Activity During COVID-19 Pandemic Is Associated With Depression and Anxiety Levels: an Internet-based Survey." BMC Public Health, vol. 21, no. 1, 2021, p. 425.
Puccinelli PJ, da Costa TS, Seffrin A, et al. Reduced level of physical activity during COVID-19 pandemic is associated with depression and anxiety levels: an internet-based survey. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):425.
Puccinelli, P. J., da Costa, T. S., Seffrin, A., de Lira, C. A. B., Vancini, R. L., Nikolaidis, P. T., Knechtle, B., Rosemann, T., Hill, L., & Andrade, M. S. (2021). Reduced level of physical activity during COVID-19 pandemic is associated with depression and anxiety levels: an internet-based survey. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 425. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10470-z
Puccinelli PJ, et al. Reduced Level of Physical Activity During COVID-19 Pandemic Is Associated With Depression and Anxiety Levels: an Internet-based Survey. BMC Public Health. 2021 03 1;21(1):425. PubMed PMID: 33648487.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reduced level of physical activity during COVID-19 pandemic is associated with depression and anxiety levels: an internet-based survey. AU - Puccinelli,Paulo José, AU - da Costa,Taline Santos, AU - Seffrin,Aldo, AU - de Lira,Claudio Andre Barbosa, AU - Vancini,Rodrigo Luiz, AU - Nikolaidis,Pantelis T, AU - Knechtle,Beat, AU - Rosemann,Thomas, AU - Hill,Lee, AU - Andrade,Marilia Santos, Y1 - 2021/03/01/ PY - 2020/11/22/received PY - 2021/02/05/accepted PY - 2021/3/2/entrez PY - 2021/3/3/pubmed PY - 2021/3/5/medline KW - Anxiety KW - COVID-19 KW - Depression KW - Mood state KW - Pandemic KW - Physical exercise KW - Social distancing SP - 425 EP - 425 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 21 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in a strong negative impact on economic and social life worldwide. It has also negatively influenced people's general health and quality of life. The aim of the present study was to study the impact of social distancing on physical activity level, and the association between mood state (depression and anxiety level) or sex with actual physical activity levels, the change in physical activity caused by social distancing period, the adhesion level to social distancing, the adoption time of social distancing, family income and age. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire with personal, quarantine, physical activity, and mood state disorders information's was answered by 2140 Brazilians of both sex who were recruited through online advertising. RESULTS: The physical activity level adopted during the period of social distancing (3.5 ± 0.8) was lower than that the adopted prior to the pandemic period (2.9 ± 1.1, p < 0.001). Thirty percent of the participants presented symptoms of moderate/severe depression and 23.3% displayed moderate/severe anxiety symptoms. A greater presence of symptoms related to anxiety and depression were associated with low physical activity levels, low family monthly income, and younger age. A higher percentage of men who had no mood disorders was observed among those who were very active than among those less active. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has a negative impact on physical activity. Those who reduced their level of physical activity had the highest levels of mood disorders. Therefore, physical activity programs should be encouraged, while respecting the necessary social distancing to prevent the spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33648487/Reduced_level_of_physical_activity_during_COVID-19_pandemic_is_associated_with_depression_and_anxiety_levels:_an_internet-based_survey. L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-021-10470-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -