Complexation of cytochrome P-450 isozymes in hepatic microsomes from SKF 525-A-induced rats.Arch Biochem Biophys. 1988 May 01; 262(2):381-8.AB
Potassium ferricyanide-elicited reactivation of steroid hydroxylase activities, in hepatic microsomes from SKF 525-A-induced male rats, was used as an indicator of complex formation between individual cytochrome P-450 isozymes and the SKF 525-A metabolite. Induction of male rats with SKF 525-A (50 mg/kg for three days) led to apparent increases in androst-4-ene-3,17-dione 16 beta- and 6 beta-hydroxylation to 6.7- and 3-fold of control activities. Steroid 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity was decreased to 0.8-fold of control and 16 alpha-hydroxylation was unchanged. Ferricyanide-elicited dissociation of the SKF 525-A metabolite-P-450 complex revealed an even greater induction of 16 beta- and 6 beta-hydroxylase activities (to 1.8- and 1.6-fold of activities in the absence of ferricyanide). Androst-4-ene-3,17-dione 16 alpha-hydroxylase activity increased 2-fold after ferricyanide but 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity was unaltered. An antibody directed against the male-specific cytochrome P-450 UT-A decreased androst-4-ene-3,17-dione 16 alpha-hydroxylase activity to 13% of control in hepatic microsomes from untreated rats. In contrast, 16 alpha-hydroxylase activity in microsomes from SKF 525-A-induced rats, before and after dissociation with ferricyanide, was reduced by anti UT-A IgG to 32 and 19% of the respective uninhibited controls. Considered together, these observations strongly suggest that the phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P-450 isozymes PB-B and PCN-E are present in an inactive complexed state in microsomes from SKF 525-A-induced rat liver. Further, the increased susceptibility of androst-4-ene-3,17-dione 16 alpha-hydroxylase activity to inhibition by an antibody to cytochrome P-450 UT-A, following ferricyanide treatment of microsomes, suggests that this male sexually differentiated enzyme is also complexed after in vivo SKF 525-A dosage. In contrast, the constitutive isozyme cytochrome P-450 UT-F, which is active in steroid 7 alpha-hydroxylation, does not appear to be complexed to any extent in microsomes from SKF 525-A-induced rats.