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Verbal and nonverbal abstracting--problem-solving abilities and familial alcoholism in female alcoholics.
J Stud Alcohol. 1988 May; 49(3):281-7.JS

Abstract

Women alcoholics (N = 54) had significantly worse performance on clusters of verbal and nonverbal abstracting - problem-solving tasks than peer nonalcoholic controls (N = 48). On the nonverbal cluster, alcoholic women with an alcoholic parent or sibling (FH+) performed significantly poorer than peer alcoholics without such a family history (FH-) and nonalcoholic FH+ and FH- groups. On the verbal cluster, FH+ alcoholics performed significantly worse than the nonalcoholic groups. FH- alcoholics did not differ significantly from the nonalcoholic groups on either of the clusters. There were no differences between FH+ and FH- nonalcoholics on the two types of tasks. The results suggest that female alcoholics have a generalized deficit on cognitive tasks involving abstracting and problem-solving, and that these deficits tend to be more pronounced in alcoholic women with a positive family history of alcohol abuse. Whether these deficits are due to a premorbid lowering of abstracting - problem-solving abilities in the FH+ individuals who subsequently become alcoholics, or are the result of a selective vulnerability of these cognitive processes to the effects of alcohol abuse in such subjects, or some combination of these factors, remains to be investigated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Oklahoma Center for Alcohol and Drug-Related Research, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3374143

Citation

Turner, J, and O A. Parsons. "Verbal and Nonverbal Abstracting--problem-solving Abilities and Familial Alcoholism in Female Alcoholics." Journal of Studies On Alcohol, vol. 49, no. 3, 1988, pp. 281-7.
Turner J, Parsons OA. Verbal and nonverbal abstracting--problem-solving abilities and familial alcoholism in female alcoholics. J Stud Alcohol. 1988;49(3):281-7.
Turner, J., & Parsons, O. A. (1988). Verbal and nonverbal abstracting--problem-solving abilities and familial alcoholism in female alcoholics. Journal of Studies On Alcohol, 49(3), 281-7.
Turner J, Parsons OA. Verbal and Nonverbal Abstracting--problem-solving Abilities and Familial Alcoholism in Female Alcoholics. J Stud Alcohol. 1988;49(3):281-7. PubMed PMID: 3374143.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Verbal and nonverbal abstracting--problem-solving abilities and familial alcoholism in female alcoholics. AU - Turner,J, AU - Parsons,O A, PY - 1988/5/1/pubmed PY - 1988/5/1/medline PY - 1988/5/1/entrez SP - 281 EP - 7 JF - Journal of studies on alcohol JO - J. Stud. Alcohol VL - 49 IS - 3 N2 - Women alcoholics (N = 54) had significantly worse performance on clusters of verbal and nonverbal abstracting - problem-solving tasks than peer nonalcoholic controls (N = 48). On the nonverbal cluster, alcoholic women with an alcoholic parent or sibling (FH+) performed significantly poorer than peer alcoholics without such a family history (FH-) and nonalcoholic FH+ and FH- groups. On the verbal cluster, FH+ alcoholics performed significantly worse than the nonalcoholic groups. FH- alcoholics did not differ significantly from the nonalcoholic groups on either of the clusters. There were no differences between FH+ and FH- nonalcoholics on the two types of tasks. The results suggest that female alcoholics have a generalized deficit on cognitive tasks involving abstracting and problem-solving, and that these deficits tend to be more pronounced in alcoholic women with a positive family history of alcohol abuse. Whether these deficits are due to a premorbid lowering of abstracting - problem-solving abilities in the FH+ individuals who subsequently become alcoholics, or are the result of a selective vulnerability of these cognitive processes to the effects of alcohol abuse in such subjects, or some combination of these factors, remains to be investigated. SN - 0096-882X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3374143/Verbal_and_nonverbal_abstracting__problem_solving_abilities_and_familial_alcoholism_in_female_alcoholics_ L2 - https://www.jsad.com/doi/10.15288/jsa.1988.49.281 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -