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The Effect of Kangaroo Care on Breastfeeding and Development in Preterm Neonates.
J Pediatr Nurs. 2021 Sep-Oct; 60:e31-e38.JP

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study investigated the effect of kangaroo care (KC) on breastfeeding rate and development in preterm neonates in the first six months of life.

DESIGN

The study was conducted using a quasi-experimental method with a pretest-posttest control group design. The sample consisted of preterm neonates in the NICU of two state hospitals of Turkey. The experimental group (n =30) was provided with KC by their mothers for 30 min once a day during a postnatal month. The control group (n = 30) received routine care. Feeding patterns and physical development parameters were determined during the transition to exclusive breastfeeding and at discharge, and in the first, third, and sixth postnatal months. Data were collected using a descriptive characteristics questionnaire, a nutrition and physical development follow-up form, and a home KC follow-up form. Percentage distribution, mean, chi-square test, and t-test were used for analysis.

RESULTS

The KC group had a significantly higher mean body weight than the control group in the third and sixth postnatal months (p < .05). The KC group had higher breast milk intake and breastfeeding rates than the control group during the transition to exclusive breastfeeding and at discharge, and in the first, third, and sixth postnatal months (p < .05).

CONCLUSION

The KC neonates were breastfed for a more extended period of time than controls. This result suggests that KC improves breast milk intake and breastfeeding rates. Therefore, mothers should be trained in KC in the postnatal period.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS

Healthcare professionals should encourage and follow mothers for kangaroo care.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Selçuk University, Nursing Faculty, Department of Children Health and Disease Nursing, Turkey. Electronic address: s_nadaroglu@hotmail.com.Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, School of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Turkey. Electronic address: fatmayilmaz@comu.edu.tr.İstanbul Medeniyet University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Turkey. Electronic address: aynur.ozdemir@medeniyet.edu.tr.Nurse, Neonatal Infant Care Unit, Canakkale Mehmet Akif Ersoy State Hospital, Turkey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33750645

Citation

Kucukoglu, Sibel, et al. "The Effect of Kangaroo Care On Breastfeeding and Development in Preterm Neonates." Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol. 60, 2021, pp. e31-e38.
Kucukoglu S, Yılmaz Kurt F, Aytekin Ozdemir A, et al. The Effect of Kangaroo Care on Breastfeeding and Development in Preterm Neonates. J Pediatr Nurs. 2021;60:e31-e38.
Kucukoglu, S., Yılmaz Kurt, F., Aytekin Ozdemir, A., & Ozcan, Z. (2021). The Effect of Kangaroo Care on Breastfeeding and Development in Preterm Neonates. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 60, e31-e38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2021.02.019
Kucukoglu S, et al. The Effect of Kangaroo Care On Breastfeeding and Development in Preterm Neonates. J Pediatr Nurs. 2021 Sep-Oct;60:e31-e38. PubMed PMID: 33750645.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of Kangaroo Care on Breastfeeding and Development in Preterm Neonates. AU - Kucukoglu,Sibel, AU - Yılmaz Kurt,Fatma, AU - Aytekin Ozdemir,Aynur, AU - Ozcan,Zekiye, Y1 - 2021/03/06/ PY - 2020/08/14/received PY - 2021/02/10/revised PY - 2021/02/10/accepted PY - 2021/3/23/pubmed PY - 2021/10/6/medline PY - 2021/3/22/entrez KW - Breast milk KW - Breastfeeding KW - Kangaroo care KW - Nursing KW - Preterm neonate SP - e31 EP - e38 JF - Journal of pediatric nursing JO - J Pediatr Nurs VL - 60 N2 - PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of kangaroo care (KC) on breastfeeding rate and development in preterm neonates in the first six months of life. DESIGN: The study was conducted using a quasi-experimental method with a pretest-posttest control group design. The sample consisted of preterm neonates in the NICU of two state hospitals of Turkey. The experimental group (n =30) was provided with KC by their mothers for 30 min once a day during a postnatal month. The control group (n = 30) received routine care. Feeding patterns and physical development parameters were determined during the transition to exclusive breastfeeding and at discharge, and in the first, third, and sixth postnatal months. Data were collected using a descriptive characteristics questionnaire, a nutrition and physical development follow-up form, and a home KC follow-up form. Percentage distribution, mean, chi-square test, and t-test were used for analysis. RESULTS: The KC group had a significantly higher mean body weight than the control group in the third and sixth postnatal months (p < .05). The KC group had higher breast milk intake and breastfeeding rates than the control group during the transition to exclusive breastfeeding and at discharge, and in the first, third, and sixth postnatal months (p < .05). CONCLUSION: The KC neonates were breastfed for a more extended period of time than controls. This result suggests that KC improves breast milk intake and breastfeeding rates. Therefore, mothers should be trained in KC in the postnatal period. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Healthcare professionals should encourage and follow mothers for kangaroo care. SN - 1532-8449 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33750645/The_Effect_of_Kangaroo_Care_on_Breastfeeding_and_Development_in_Preterm_Neonates_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0882-5963(21)00060-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -