Regional Anesthesia Abdominal Blocks and Local Infiltration After Cesarean Delivery: Review of Current Evidence.Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2021 Mar 24; 25(5):28.CP
PURPOSE OF REVIEW
In this review, we discuss surgical infiltration and various abdominal wall blocks, including transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and quadratus lumborum blocks, and review the literature on the evidence behind these approaches and analgesia for cesarean delivery (CD).
Adequate pain management in the parturient following CD is important to facilitate early ambulation and neonatal care while also improving patient satisfaction and decreasing hospital length of stay. Neuraxial opioids have been a mainstay for postoperative analgesia; however, this option may not be available for patients undergoing emergency CD and have contraindications to neuraxial approaches, refusing an epidural or spinal, or with technical difficulties for neuraxial placement. In such cases, alternative options include a fascial plane block or surgical wound infiltration. The use of regional blocks or surgical wound infiltration is especially recommended in the parturient who does not receive neuraxial opioids for CD. Adequate postoperative analgesia following CD is an important component of the overall care of the parturient as it helps facilitate early mobilization and improve patient satisfaction. In conclusion, the use of abdominal fascial plane blocks or surgical wound infiltration is recommended in the parturient who does not receive neuraxial opioids for CD.