[Effect of proximal and distal acupoint catgut-embedding on uterus prostaglandin, serum IL-2 and splenic NK cell activity in primary dysmenorrhea rats].Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2021 Mar 25; 46(3):221-5.ZC
To observe the effect of proximal and distal acupoint catgut-embedding on the contents of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and prostaglandin F2α(PGF2α) in the uterus, serum Interleukin-2 (IL-2) contents and splenic natural killer (NK) cell activity in primary dysmenorrhea (PD) rats，so as to explore the different effects of proximal and distal acupoint catgut-embedding on PD rats.
Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, model, proximal catgut-embedding and distal catgut-embedding groups, with 8 rats in each group. The PD model was established by subcutaneous injection of estradiol ben-zoate (0.5 mg/rat on the first day and 10th day, and 0.2 mg/rat from the 2nd to the 9th day) and intraperitoneal injection of oxytocin (2 U/rat, on the 11th day). Catgut-embedding was applied at bilateral "Guanyuan"(CV4) and "Ciliao"(BL32) in the proximal catgut-embedding group, and bilateral "Sanyinjiao" (SP6) and "Diji"(SP8) in the distal catgut-embedding group. After the treatment, the body writhing times in 30 min and uterine mass were recorded, PGE2 and PGF2αin uterus and IL-2 in serum were assayed by using ELISA, the activity of NK cell in the spleen was detected using MTT colorimetry.
Following modeling, the body writhing times of the model group was increased than that of the control group (P<0.01); After interventions, the body writhing times were decreased in the proximal and distal catgut-embedding groups than those of the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the uterine mass and uterus PGF2α content were increased (P<0.01), while uterus PGE2, serum IL-2 and splenic NK cell activity were decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. After interventions, the uterine mass and uterus PGF2α were down-regulated (P<0.01, P<0.05), while the contents of uterus PGE2, serum IL-2 and splenic NK cell activity up-regulated (P<0.01) in the proximal and distal catgut-embedding groups in contrast to the model group. The content of uterus PGF2α was down-regulated (P<0.05) and splenic NK cell activity was up-regulated (P<0.01) in the proximal catgut-embedding group than those of the distal catgut-embedding group.
Both proximal and distal acupoint catgut-embeding can increase PGE2 and decrease PGF2α in the uterus, increase the level of serum IL-2 and the activity of NK cells in the spleen in PD model rats, thereby achieving analgesic effect. The effect of proximal catgut-embedding is better than that of distal catgut-embedding.