Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The Composition, Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Activity, and Sensory Properties of Estonian Honeys.
Foods. 2021 Mar 01; 10(3)F

Abstract

Thirty honey samples from different regions of Estonia were investigated to determine the chemical compositions, physicochemical properties, bioactive compounds, and sensory characteristics of typical honeys from a northern climate. The physicochemical parameters, such as electrical conductivity, moisture content, free acidity, hydroxymethylfurfural, diastase, and invertase activity were measured. The color was measured and expressed by L*-, a*-, and b*-coordinates. Sensory parameters were determined by using "fruity", "floral", "berry-like", "herbal", "woody", "spicy", "sweet", and "animal-like" as the main odor and flavor attributes. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were in the range of 26.2-88.7 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE) per 100 g and 1.9-6.4 mg quercetin equivalents (QE) per 100 g, respectively. The identified polyphenols showed the highest intensities of caffeic acid, coumaric acid, and abscisic acid and its derivatives. The protocatechuic acid intensity was highest in honeys containing traces of honeydew elements and of cinnamic acid and myricetin in heather honey. The water-soluble antioxidant values were 37.8-311.2 mg ascorbic acid equivalents (AAE) per 100 g and the lipid soluble antioxidant values were 14.4-60.7 mg Trolox equivalents (TE) per 100 g. The major amino acid in the analyzed honeys was proline, with variable values depending on the honey's botanical source. Correlations were calculated based on the results obtained. It was revealed that the typical Estonian honey has floral, berry-like, sweet, and rather mild sensory characteristics. Most of the honeys lacked stronger spicy, woody, and animal-like attributes. The typical color of Estonian honey is quite light.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Tallinn University of Technology, Akadeemia tee 15, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia.Center of Food and Fermentation Technologies (CFFT), Akadeemia tee 15a, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia.Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Tallinn University of Technology, Akadeemia tee 15, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia.Center of Food and Fermentation Technologies (CFFT), Akadeemia tee 15a, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia.Estonian Maritime Academy, Tallinn University of Technology, Kopli 101, 11712 Tallinn, Estonia.Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Tallinn University of Technology, Akadeemia tee 15, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33804333

Citation

Kivima, Evelin, et al. "The Composition, Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Activity, and Sensory Properties of Estonian Honeys." Foods (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 10, no. 3, 2021.
Kivima E, Tanilas K, Martverk K, et al. The Composition, Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Activity, and Sensory Properties of Estonian Honeys. Foods. 2021;10(3).
Kivima, E., Tanilas, K., Martverk, K., Rosenvald, S., Timberg, L., & Laos, K. (2021). The Composition, Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Activity, and Sensory Properties of Estonian Honeys. Foods (Basel, Switzerland), 10(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10030511
Kivima E, et al. The Composition, Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Activity, and Sensory Properties of Estonian Honeys. Foods. 2021 Mar 1;10(3) PubMed PMID: 33804333.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Composition, Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Activity, and Sensory Properties of Estonian Honeys. AU - Kivima,Evelin, AU - Tanilas,Kristel, AU - Martverk,Kaie, AU - Rosenvald,Sirli, AU - Timberg,Loreida, AU - Laos,Katrin, Y1 - 2021/03/01/ PY - 2021/01/07/received PY - 2021/02/11/revised PY - 2021/02/18/accepted PY - 2021/4/3/entrez PY - 2021/4/4/pubmed PY - 2021/4/4/medline KW - CIELAB KW - amino acids KW - antioxidant activity KW - aroma KW - flavonoids KW - flavor KW - honey KW - polyphenols KW - sensory analysis JF - Foods (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Foods VL - 10 IS - 3 N2 - Thirty honey samples from different regions of Estonia were investigated to determine the chemical compositions, physicochemical properties, bioactive compounds, and sensory characteristics of typical honeys from a northern climate. The physicochemical parameters, such as electrical conductivity, moisture content, free acidity, hydroxymethylfurfural, diastase, and invertase activity were measured. The color was measured and expressed by L*-, a*-, and b*-coordinates. Sensory parameters were determined by using "fruity", "floral", "berry-like", "herbal", "woody", "spicy", "sweet", and "animal-like" as the main odor and flavor attributes. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were in the range of 26.2-88.7 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE) per 100 g and 1.9-6.4 mg quercetin equivalents (QE) per 100 g, respectively. The identified polyphenols showed the highest intensities of caffeic acid, coumaric acid, and abscisic acid and its derivatives. The protocatechuic acid intensity was highest in honeys containing traces of honeydew elements and of cinnamic acid and myricetin in heather honey. The water-soluble antioxidant values were 37.8-311.2 mg ascorbic acid equivalents (AAE) per 100 g and the lipid soluble antioxidant values were 14.4-60.7 mg Trolox equivalents (TE) per 100 g. The major amino acid in the analyzed honeys was proline, with variable values depending on the honey's botanical source. Correlations were calculated based on the results obtained. It was revealed that the typical Estonian honey has floral, berry-like, sweet, and rather mild sensory characteristics. Most of the honeys lacked stronger spicy, woody, and animal-like attributes. The typical color of Estonian honey is quite light. SN - 2304-8158 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33804333/The_Composition_Physicochemical_Properties_Antioxidant_Activity_and_Sensory_Properties_of_Estonian_Honeys_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=foods10030511 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
Try the Free App:
Prime PubMed app for iOS iPhone iPad
Prime PubMed app for Android
Prime PubMed is provided
free to individuals by:
Unbound Medicine.