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Characterization and quantification of bioactive compounds from Ilex paraguariensis residue by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS from plants cultivated under different cultivation systems.
J Food Sci. 2021 May; 86(5):1599-1619.JF

Abstract

Ilex paraguariensis is a perennial plant used in the production of mate tea, "chimarrão" and "tererê," cosmetics, and other food products. Its leaves are harvested every 12 or 18 months. Approximately 2 to 5 tons of residue are generated per hectare during the harvest. The bioactive composition of this residue has not been characterized to date. Therefore, this paper presents for the first time, the simultaneous characterization of the bioactive compounds of the leaves, thin branches, and thick branches (residue) from I. paraguariensis grown under two cultivation systems: "full sun" and "shaded." The identification and quantification of the compounds was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionisation and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS). Consequently, 35 compounds were identified. The average dry weight of phenolic compounds in the residue was 4.1 g/100 g, whereas that in the bark of the residue was 12.9 g/100 g, which was similar to the content found in leaves. The same compounds were identified in the two cultivation systems but with a difference in their contents. While the "full sun" cultivation had a higher content of phenolic acids, the "shaded" cultivation had a higher content of flavonoids and saponins. It was found that the I. paraguariensis residue, particularly the bark, is rich in bioactive compounds, such as quinic, 3-caffeoylquinic, 5-cafefoylquinic, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic, and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acids as well as rutin, and their contents vary according to the cultivation system. Therefore, this residue is an underutilized natural resource with a potential for industrial applications. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Yerba mate producers will be able to choose the best cultivation system ("full sun" or "shaded") to increase the content of bioactive compounds. New products may be developed with yerba mate residue due to its high concentration of compounds that are beneficial to the human health. New destinations may be applied to yerba mate residue from the harvest pruning, adding commercial value to this unexplored natural resource.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Agroindustrial Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering Eliseu Maciel, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPEL), Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, CEP 96010-610, Brazil.Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, CEP 13083-862, Brazil.School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, CEP 13083-862, Brazil.Department of Agroindustrial Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering Eliseu Maciel, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPEL), Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, CEP 96010-610, Brazil.Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, CEP 13083-862, Brazil.Department of Agroindustrial Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering Eliseu Maciel, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPEL), Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, CEP 96010-610, Brazil.Department of Agroindustrial Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering Eliseu Maciel, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPEL), Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, CEP 96010-610, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33822383

Citation

Lorini, Alexandre, et al. "Characterization and Quantification of Bioactive Compounds From Ilex Paraguariensis Residue By HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS From Plants Cultivated Under Different Cultivation Systems." Journal of Food Science, vol. 86, no. 5, 2021, pp. 1599-1619.
Lorini A, Damin FM, de Oliveira DN, et al. Characterization and quantification of bioactive compounds from Ilex paraguariensis residue by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS from plants cultivated under different cultivation systems. J Food Sci. 2021;86(5):1599-1619.
Lorini, A., Damin, F. M., de Oliveira, D. N., Crizel, R. L., Godoy, H. T., Galli, V., & Meinhart, A. D. (2021). Characterization and quantification of bioactive compounds from Ilex paraguariensis residue by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS from plants cultivated under different cultivation systems. Journal of Food Science, 86(5), 1599-1619. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15694
Lorini A, et al. Characterization and Quantification of Bioactive Compounds From Ilex Paraguariensis Residue By HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS From Plants Cultivated Under Different Cultivation Systems. J Food Sci. 2021;86(5):1599-1619. PubMed PMID: 33822383.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterization and quantification of bioactive compounds from Ilex paraguariensis residue by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS from plants cultivated under different cultivation systems. AU - Lorini,Alexandre, AU - Damin,Fernanda Mateus, AU - de Oliveira,Diogo Noin, AU - Crizel,Rosane Lopes, AU - Godoy,Helena Teixeira, AU - Galli,Vanessa, AU - Meinhart,Adriana Dillenburg, Y1 - 2021/04/06/ PY - 2021/02/20/revised PY - 2020/09/12/received PY - 2021/02/27/accepted PY - 2021/4/7/pubmed PY - 2021/6/12/medline PY - 2021/4/6/entrez KW - HPLC-MS KW - cultivation systems KW - harvest residue KW - phenolic compounds KW - yerba mate SP - 1599 EP - 1619 JF - Journal of food science JO - J Food Sci VL - 86 IS - 5 N2 - Ilex paraguariensis is a perennial plant used in the production of mate tea, "chimarrão" and "tererê," cosmetics, and other food products. Its leaves are harvested every 12 or 18 months. Approximately 2 to 5 tons of residue are generated per hectare during the harvest. The bioactive composition of this residue has not been characterized to date. Therefore, this paper presents for the first time, the simultaneous characterization of the bioactive compounds of the leaves, thin branches, and thick branches (residue) from I. paraguariensis grown under two cultivation systems: "full sun" and "shaded." The identification and quantification of the compounds was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionisation and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS). Consequently, 35 compounds were identified. The average dry weight of phenolic compounds in the residue was 4.1 g/100 g, whereas that in the bark of the residue was 12.9 g/100 g, which was similar to the content found in leaves. The same compounds were identified in the two cultivation systems but with a difference in their contents. While the "full sun" cultivation had a higher content of phenolic acids, the "shaded" cultivation had a higher content of flavonoids and saponins. It was found that the I. paraguariensis residue, particularly the bark, is rich in bioactive compounds, such as quinic, 3-caffeoylquinic, 5-cafefoylquinic, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic, and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acids as well as rutin, and their contents vary according to the cultivation system. Therefore, this residue is an underutilized natural resource with a potential for industrial applications. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Yerba mate producers will be able to choose the best cultivation system ("full sun" or "shaded") to increase the content of bioactive compounds. New products may be developed with yerba mate residue due to its high concentration of compounds that are beneficial to the human health. New destinations may be applied to yerba mate residue from the harvest pruning, adding commercial value to this unexplored natural resource. SN - 1750-3841 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33822383/Characterization_and_quantification_of_bioactive_compounds_from_Ilex_paraguariensis_residue_by_HPLC_ESI_QTOF_MS_from_plants_cultivated_under_different_cultivation_systems_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15694 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -